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Titolo:
Response to influenza immunisation during treatment for cancer
Autore:
Chisholm, JC; Devine, T; Charlett, A; Pinkerton, CR; Zambon, M;
Indirizzi:
Royal Marsden Hosp, Childrens Unit, Sutton SM2 5PT, Surrey, England Royal Marsden Hosp Sutton Surrey England SM2 5PT SM2 5PT, Surrey, England Cent Publ Hlth Lab, PHLS Stat Unit, London NW9 5HT, England Cent Publ HlthLab London England NW9 5HT Unit, London NW9 5HT, England Cent Publ Hlth Lab, Enter Resp & Neurol Virus Lab, London NW9 5HT, EnglandCent Publ Hlth Lab London England NW9 5HT s Lab, London NW9 5HT, England
Titolo Testata:
ARCHIVES OF DISEASE IN CHILDHOOD
fascicolo: 6, volume: 84, anno: 2001,
pagine: 496 - 500
SICI:
0003-9888(200106)84:6<496:RTIIDT>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MARROW TRANSPLANT RECIPIENTS; ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC-LEUKEMIA; ANTIBODY-RESPONSE; VIRUS-INFECTIONS; VACCINE; CHILDREN; CHEMOTHERAPY; REGIMEN;
Keywords:
influenza; immunisation; susceptibility; cancer;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
31
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Chisholm, JC Great Ormond St Hosp Children, Dept Paediat Oncol, Great Ormond St, LondonWC1N 3JH, England Great Ormond St Hosp Children Great Ormond St London England WC1N 3JH
Citazione:
J.C. Chisholm et al., "Response to influenza immunisation during treatment for cancer", ARCH DIS CH, 84(6), 2001, pp. 496-500

Abstract

Aims - To assess the annual risk of influenza infection in children with cancer and the immunogenicity of a trivalent split virus influenza vaccine in these children. Methods -Eighty four children with cancer were tested for susceptibility to the circulating strains of influenza virus in autumn 1995 and 1996. Non-immunised children were reassessed the following spring for serological evidence of natural infection. Forty two patients received two doses of influenza vaccine. These children were receiving continuing chemotherapy for acutelymphoblastic leukaemia or were within six months of completing chemotherapy. Results - Among the 84 children tested for influenza virus susceptibility only 8% of patients were fully protected (antibody titres greater than or equal to 40) against all three of the prevalent influenza virus strains; 33%were susceptible to all three viruses. Evidence of acquired natural infection was seen in 30% of unimmunised patients. Among immunised susceptible patients, 66% made some protective response to the vaccine and 55% showed protective antibody titres to all three viral strains following vaccination. Older age was associated with increased response to the H1N1 and H3N2 vaccine components, but total white cell count or neutrophil count at immunisation, type of cancer, or length of time on treatment for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia did not affect response. Conclusions - Most children with cancer studied were at risk of influenza infection. A significant response to immunisation was seen, supporting annual influenza vaccination for children being treated for cancer.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/09/20 alle ore 07:10:40