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Titolo:
Self-reported abstinence effects in the first month after smoking cessation
Autore:
Ward, MM; Swan, GE; Jack, LM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Iowa, Dept Hlth Management & Policy, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA Univ Iowa Iowa City IA USA 52242 gement & Policy, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA SRI Int, Hlth Sci Ctr, Menlo Park, CA 94025 USA SRI Int Menlo Park CA USA94025 t, Hlth Sci Ctr, Menlo Park, CA 94025 USA
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTIVE BEHAVIORS
fascicolo: 3, volume: 26, anno: 2001,
pagine: 311 - 327
SICI:
0306-4603(200105/06)26:3<311:SAEITF>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TOBACCO WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS; NICOTINE REPLACEMENT; GUM;
Keywords:
smoking cessation; abstinence effects; withdrawal symptoms; offset effects; transient effects;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Ward, MM Univ Iowa, Dept Hlth Management & Policy, 2726 Steindler Bldg, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA Univ Iowa 2726 Steindler Bldg Iowa City IA USA 52242 IA 52242 USA
Citazione:
M.M. Ward et al., "Self-reported abstinence effects in the first month after smoking cessation", ADDICT BEHA, 26(3), 2001, pp. 311-327

Abstract

The present study evaluated self-reported subjective complaints (29 singleitems and 11 scales) at precessation, on quit day, and on Days 1, 2, 3, 7,14, 21, and 28 after cessation in 46 healthy quitters who remained abstinent for the first month after cessation (biochemically confirmed). Also tested on the same schedule were 29 nonsmokers matched for age and gender. Specific criteria were set for transient and offset effects based on the direction, magnitude, and time course of changes in symptoms after cessation. Results indicated that single-item anger, anxiety, depression, difficulty concentrating, irritability, restlessness, dizziness, and nausea, and the Shiffman-Jarvik Stimulation/Sedation Subscale, the Perceived Stress scale, and the POMS anger, confusion, and tension subscales met the criteria for transient effects, and that single-item desire to smoke, cough, and headache, andthe Shiffman-Jarvik Psychological Subscale met the criteria for offset effects. These findings help to clarify which subjective complaints after smoking cessation are transient effects and which are offset effects, a distinction with important implications for understanding nicotine dependence and for designing pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for smoking cessation. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 12:21:30