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Titolo:
Classic NSAID and selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitors inhealing of chronic gastric ulcers
Autore:
Brzozowski, T; Konturek, PC; Konturek, SJ; Sliwowski, Z; Pajdo, R; Drozdowicz, D; Ptak, A; Kahn, EG;
Indirizzi:
Jagiellonian Univ, Sch Med, Dept Physiol, PL-31531 Krakow, Poland Jagiellonian Univ Krakow Poland PL-31531 hysiol, PL-31531 Krakow, Poland Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Med 1, Erlangen, Germany Univ Erlangen Nurnberg Erlangen Germany , Dept Med 1, Erlangen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
MICROSCOPY RESEARCH AND TECHNIQUE
fascicolo: 5, volume: 53, anno: 2001,
pagine: 343 - 353
SICI:
1059-910X(20010601)53:5<343:CNASC(>2.0.ZU;2-G
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MESSENGER-RNA EXPRESSION; EPIDERMAL GROWTH-FACTOR; FACTOR-ALPHA; RATS; STOMACH; INJURY; INTERLEUKIN-1; LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE; RESVERATROL; ISCHEMIA;
Keywords:
ulcer healing; cyclooxygenase-1; cyclooxygenase-2; gastric blood flow; interleukin 1 beta; tumor necrosis factor; aspirin; indomethacin; Vioxx; resveratrol;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Konturek, SJ Jagiellonian Univ, Sch Med, Dept Physiol, 16 Grzegorzecka Str, PL-31531 Krakow, Poland Jagiellonian Univ 16 Grzegorzecka Str Krakow Poland PL-31531
Citazione:
T. Brzozowski et al., "Classic NSAID and selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and COX-2 inhibitors inhealing of chronic gastric ulcers", MICROSC RES, 53(5), 2001, pp. 343-353

Abstract

Prostaglandins (PG) derived from COX-1 are essential for the maintenance of mucosal integrity but COX-2 isoform synthesizes PG at a site of inflammation. Recently, COX-2 mRNA expression was demonstrated at the ulcer edge during healing of chronic gastric ulcers but the role for expression of COX-2 and its products such as PGE(2), and cytokines including interleukin (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) in ulcer healing remains unknown. In this study, Wistar rats with gastric ulcers produced by serosalapplication of acetic acid (ulcer area 28 mm(2)) received daily treatment either with: (1) vehicle (saline); (2) NS-398 (10 mg/kg-d i.g.) and Vioxx (5 mg/kg-d i.g.), both, highly specific COX-2 inhibitors; (3) meloxicam (5 mg/kg-d i.g.), a preferential inhibitor of COX-2; (4) resveratrol (10 mg/kg-d i.g.), a specific COX-1 inhibitor; (5) indomethacin (5 mg/kg-d i.g); and (6) aspirin (ASA; 50 mg/kg-d i.g.), non-selective inhibitors of both COX-1 and COX-2. At day 3, 7, and 14 after ulcer induction, the animals were sacrificed and the area of gastric ulcers was determined by planimetry and histology, gastric blood flow (GBF) at ulcer base and margin was measured by H,clearance technique, and blood was withdrawn for measurement of plasma IL-1 beta and TNF alpha levels. The mucosal biopsy samples were taken for the determination of PGE2 generation by RIA and expression of COX-1, COX-2, IL-1 beta, and TNF alpha mRNA by RT-PCR. In vehicle-treated rats, gastric ulcers healed progressively and at day 14 the healing was completed, accompanied by a significant rise in the GBF at ulcer margin. The IL-1 beta, TNF alpha, and COX-1 mRNA were detected in intact and ulcerated gastric mucosa, whereas COX-2 mRNA were upregulated only in ulcerated mucosa with peak observed at day 3 after ulcer induction. The plasma IL-1 beta level was significantly increased at day 3 and 7 but then declined at day 14 to that measured in vehicle-controls. Indomethacin and ASA, which suppressed PGE, generation both in the non-ulcerated and ulcerated gastric mucosa, significantly delayed the rate of ulcer healing and this was accompanied by the fall in GBF atulcer margin and further elevation of plasma IL-1 beta and TNF alpha levels, which was sustained up to the end of the study. Treatment with NS-398 and Vioxx, which caused only a moderate decrease in the PGE, generation in the non-ulcerated gastric mucosa, delayed ulcer healing and attenuated significantly the GBF at ulcer margin and PGE, generation in the ulcerated tissue, while raising the plasma IL-1 beta and TNF alpha similarly to those observed in indomethacin- and ASA-treated rats. Resveratrol, which suppressed the PGE, generation in both non-ulcerated and ulcerated gastric mucosa, prolonged ulcer healing and this was accompanied by the fall in the GBF at the ulcer margin and a significant increase in plasma IL-1 beta and TNF alpha levels. We conclude that (1) classic NSAID delay ulcer healing due to suppression of endogenous PG(2) impairment in GBF at ulcer area, and excessive cytokine expression and release, and (2) this deleterious effect of classic NSAID on the healing of pre-existing ulcers can be reproduced by selective COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitors, suggesting that both COX isoforms are important sources of PG that appear to contribute to ulcer healing. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 03:58:45