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Titolo:
Effects of retroactive and proactive interference on word list recall in schizophrenia
Autore:
Torres, IJ; Flashman, LA; OLeary, DS; Andreasen, NC;
Indirizzi:
Univ Chicago, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, Chicago, IL 60637 USA Univ Chicago Chicago IL USA 60637 d, Dept Psychiat, Chicago, IL 60637 USA Dartmouth Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Concord, NH USA Dartmouth Med Sch Concord NH USA Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Concord, NH USA New Hampshire Hosp, Concord, NH USA New Hampshire Hosp Concord NH USANew Hampshire Hosp, Concord, NH USA Univ Iowa Hosp & Clin, Dept Psychiat, Mental Hlth Clin Res Ctr, Iowa City,IA 52242 USA Univ Iowa Hosp & Clin Iowa City IA USA 52242 Ctr, Iowa City,IA 52242 USA
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE INTERNATIONAL NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL SOCIETY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 7, anno: 2001,
pagine: 481 - 490
SICI:
1355-6177(200105)7:4<481:EORAPI>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FRONTAL-LOBE; MEMORY DEFICITS; VERBAL FLUENCY; TEMPORAL-ORDER; DYSFUNCTION; AMNESIA; DISEASE; RELEASE; CORTEX; PARKINSONS;
Keywords:
proactive interference; retroactive interference; memory recall; schizophrenia; neuropsychology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Torres, IJ Univ Chicago, Sch Med, Dept Psychiat, 5841 S Maryland Ave,MC 3077, Chicago, IL 60637 USA Univ Chicago 5841 S Maryland Ave,MC 3077 Chicago IL USA 60637 A
Citazione:
I.J. Torres et al., "Effects of retroactive and proactive interference on word list recall in schizophrenia", J INT NEURO, 7(4), 2001, pp. 481-490

Abstract

Schizophrenia spectrum patients (N = 143) and healthy controls (N = 160) were administered the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT) and tests ofexecutive functioning to directly investigate the effects of proactive interference (PI) and retroactive interference (RI) on word list recall. It was hypothesized that by virtue of the predicted preferential association between executive functioning and RI (relative to PI), patients would demonstrate increased susceptibility to RI in their ability to recall word lists. Results indicated that patients show increased susceptibility to RI relativeto PI. Furthermore, this difference appeared to be related to the frontally-mediated central executive functions that were preferentially associated with RI but not PI susceptibility.

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Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 03:50:22