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Titolo:
Depressive disorders and personality variables in HIV positive and negative intravenous drug-users
Autore:
Turrina, C; Fiorazzo, A; Turano, A; Cacciani, P; Regini, C; Castelli, F; Sacchetti, E;
Indirizzi:
Osped Civile, Dipartimento Materno Infantile, Cattedra Psichiat, Div Malattie Infett 2, I-25124 Brescia, Italy Osped Civile Brescia Italy I-25124 ttie Infett 2, I-25124 Brescia, Italy Univ Brescia, Sch Med, Psychiat Serv, Brescia, Italy Univ Brescia Brescia Italy scia, Sch Med, Psychiat Serv, Brescia, Italy Spedali Civili, I-25125 Brescia, Italy Spedali Civili Brescia Italy I-25125 dali Civili, I-25125 Brescia, Italy
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF AFFECTIVE DISORDERS
fascicolo: 1, volume: 65, anno: 2001,
pagine: 45 - 53
SICI:
0165-0327(200106)65:1<45:DDAPVI>2.0.ZU;2-R
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS; KAROLINSKA-PSYCHODYNAMIC-PROFILE; HOMOSEXUAL MEN; INFECTION; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; SYMPTOMS; MOOD; AIDS; PREVALENCE; IMIPRAMINE;
Keywords:
HIV; intravenous drug user; depression; personality;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Turrina, C Osped Civile, Dipartimento Materno Infantile, Cattedra Psichiat, Div Malattie Infett 2, I-25124 Brescia, Italy Osped Civile Brescia Italy I-25124 2, I-25124 Brescia, Italy
Citazione:
C. Turrina et al., "Depressive disorders and personality variables in HIV positive and negative intravenous drug-users", J AFFECT D, 65(1), 2001, pp. 45-53

Abstract

Background: Only a few reports investigated the: prevalence of depression in intravenous drug-users with HIV infection, including both asymptomatic and symptomatic subjects. In the same group, the association of depression and personality diagnoses was also poorly researched. Methods: A consecutivesample of intravenous drug-users was collected from patients admitted to an infectious disease clinic, another random sample was taken from out-patients attending a methadone maintenance treatment program. Subjects were first screened with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, and then all positive subjects were evaluated with the Composite International Diagnostic Interview. Depression was diagnosed according to DSM-IIIR. In-patients were also given a structured personality inventory (Karolinska Psychodynamic Profile). Results HIV-positive patients had a high rate of depression (major depression 36.2%. dysthymic disorder 7.1%) when compared to HIV-negatives (15.7 and 3.9%, respectively). In-patients had the highest rate of depression, irrespective of HIV clinical staging. A personality disorder was diagnosed in 36% of the sample, but these subjects were no more significantly depressed. Limitations: Poor detection of depression by the admitting physician may have led to selective hospitalization of patients with both HIV and mood disorder. The composition of the sample may also be biased by the help-seeking behavior of HIV patients who are also depressed. Conclusion: Physicians treating AIDS patients should be alerted to the high rate of depression in clinical HIV illness, in order to identify and properly treat depression. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 19:57:57