Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Long-term leptin treatment of ob/ob mice improves glucose-induced insulin secretion
Autore:
Khan, A; Narangoda, S; Ahren, B; Holm, C; Sundler, F; Efendic, S;
Indirizzi:
Karolinska Hosp, Dept Mol Med, Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Hosp Stockholm Sweden S-10401 Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden Univ Lund, Dept Med, Lund, Sweden Univ Lund Lund SwedenUniv Lund, Dept Med, Lund, Sweden Univ Lund, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Lund, Sweden Univ Lund Lund SwedenUniv Lund, Dept Cell & Mol Biol, Lund, Sweden Univ Lund, Dept Physiol Sci, Lund, Sweden Univ Lund Lund SwedenUniv Lund, Dept Physiol Sci, Lund, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OBESITY
fascicolo: 6, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 816 - 821
SICI:
0307-0565(200106)25:6<816:LLTOOM>2.0.ZU;2-8
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PANCREATIC BETA-CELLS; FATTY-ACID OXIDATION; OBESE GENE-PRODUCT; K+ CHANNELS; DIABETES-MELLITUS; MESSENGER-RNA; OB PROTEIN; LEAN MICE; ISLETS; EXPRESSION;
Keywords:
insulin secretion; glucose-6-phosphatase; hormone-sensitive lipase; islets; leptin;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Khan, A Karolinska Hosp, Dept Mol Med, Karolinska Inst, L6-B1, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Hosp L6-B1 Stockholm Sweden S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden
Citazione:
A. Khan et al., "Long-term leptin treatment of ob/ob mice improves glucose-induced insulin secretion", INT J OBES, 25(6), 2001, pp. 816-821

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Previous studies have demonstrated that leptin inhibits glucose-stimulated insulin secretion from isolated islets, although a lack of leptin effect on insulin secretion has also been reported. The effect of long term in vivo leptin treatment of insulin secretion has, however, not been established. Therefore, in the present study, we have evaluated the effect oflong term in vivo treatment of leptin on glucose-induced insulin secretionin ob/ob mice. METHODS: After 7 days' treatment of leptin (100 mug daily s.c.), insulin release was measured in isolated islets by batch incubation followed by radioimmunoassay. Glucose utilization and oxidation were measured by measuring the formation of (H2O)-H-3 and (CO2)-C-14 from [5-H-3] and [U-C-14] glucose, respectively. Glucose-6-phosphatase activity was measured by measuring the conversion of C-14-glucose-6-P to C-14-glucose. In addition, immunohistochemistry of pancreatic specimens was undertaken for study of expression of insulin, GLUT-2 and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). RESULTS: Leptin treatment significantly improved insulin secretion both at5.5 mM (by 15%; P < 0.05) and 16.7 mM (by 85%; P < 0.001) glucose, compared to vehicle-treated controls. Furthermore, whereas leptin treatment did not affect islet. insulin or DNA contents, a significant decrease in islet triglyceride content and glucose-6-phosphatase activity was observed. Moreover, the immunocytochemical data revealed an increased immunostaining for insulin, GLUT-2 and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in islets from leptin-treated ob/ob mice. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that long-term leptin treatment of ob/ob mice improves glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in parallel with reduced glucose-6-phosphatase activity, increased HSL and decreased triglyceride levels in islets. These perturbations may explain the improvement of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion induced by leptin.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 07:21:37