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Titolo:
Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)
Autore:
Almansouri, M; Kinet, JM; Lutts, S;
Indirizzi:
Univ Catholique Louvain, Lab Cytogenet, B-1348 Louvain, Belgium Univ Catholique Louvain Louvain Belgium B-1348 , B-1348 Louvain, Belgium
Titolo Testata:
PLANT AND SOIL
fascicolo: 2, volume: 231, anno: 2001,
pagine: 243 - 254
SICI:
0032-079X(200104)231:2<243:EOSAOS>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
BETA-AMYLASE ACTIVITY; EARLY SEEDLING GROWTH; ORYZA-SATIVA-L; ALPHA-AMYLASE; PROTEIN-SYNTHESIS; SALINITY; TOLERANCE; RICE; BARLEY; NACL;
Keywords:
durum wheat; germination; mannitol; NaCl; osmotic stress; polethylene glycol; salinity;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Lutts, S Univ Catholique Louvain, Lab Cytogenet, 5 Bte 13 Pl Croix Sud, B-1348 Louvain, Belgium Univ Catholique Louvain 5 Bte 13 Pl Croix Sud Louvain Belgium B-1348
Citazione:
M. Almansouri et al., "Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.)", PLANT SOIL, 231(2), 2001, pp. 243-254

Abstract

In order to determine the relative importance of ionic toxicity versus theosmotic component of salt stress on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.), seeds of three cultivars differing in their salt and drought resistance (Omrabi-5, drought-resistant; Belikh, salt-resistant and Cando, salt-sensitive) were incubated in various iso-osmotic solutions of NaCl, mannitol and polyethylene-glycol (PEG) (osmotic potential of -0.15 (control solution) -0.58, -1.05 or -1.57 MPa). Moderate stress intensities only delayed germination, whereas the highest concentration of NaCl and PEG reduced final germination percentages. PEG was the most detrimental solute, while mannitol had no effect on final germination percentages. All osmotica reduced endosperm starch and soluble sugars content as well as alpha -amylase activities recorded after 48 h of treatment while beta -amylase activities were,in contrast, slightly stimulated in all cultivars. Deleterious effects of NaCl and PEG were higher on isolated embryos germinated onto an in vitro Linsmaier and Skoog (LS) medium comparatively to whole seeds. All PEG-treatedembryos, however, recovered after the stress relief while NaCl-treated embryos exhibited a lower rate of recovery and some extent of abnormal germination after rinsing. It was concluded that stress inhibition of germination could not be attributed to an inhibition of mobilisation of reserves and that the main effect of PEG occurred via an inhibition of water uptake while detrimental effects of NaCl may be linked to long-term effects of accumulated toxic ions. The behaviour of the three cultivars during germination did not fully reflect their mean level of putative stress resistance in field conditions and germination is, therefore, not recommended as a reliable selection criterion for breeding purposes.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/09/20 alle ore 21:56:04