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Titolo:
The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NMMA potentiates noradrenaline-induced vasoconstriction: effects of the alpha(2)-receptor antagonist yohimbine
Autore:
Bruck, H; Gossl, M; Spitthover, R; Schafers, RF; Kohnle, M; Philipp, T; Wenzel, RR;
Indirizzi:
Univ Hosp Essen, Dept Internal Med, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, D-45122 Essen, Germany Univ Hosp Essen Essen Germany D-45122 Hypertens, D-45122 Essen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF HYPERTENSION
fascicolo: 5, volume: 19, anno: 2001,
pagine: 907 - 911
SICI:
0263-6352(200105)19:5<907:TNOSIL>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALPHA-ADRENOCEPTORS; RELAXING FACTOR; SKIN MICROCIRCULATION; INDUCED CONTRACTION; HUMAN HYPERTENSION; ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS; RAT AORTA; VASODILATION; RELAXATION; ALPHA-2-ADRENOCEPTORS;
Keywords:
endothelium-alpha(2)-adrenergic receptors; in vivo; L-NMMA; nitric oxide; vasoconstriction; yohimbine;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
29
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Wenzel, RR Univ Hosp Essen, Dept Internal Med, Div Nephrol & Hypertens, Hufelandstr 55, D-45122 Essen, Germany Univ Hosp Essen Hufelandstr 55 Essen Germany D-45122 , Germany
Citazione:
H. Bruck et al., "The nitric oxide synthase inhibitor L-NMMA potentiates noradrenaline-induced vasoconstriction: effects of the alpha(2)-receptor antagonist yohimbine", J HYPERTENS, 19(5), 2001, pp. 907-911

Abstract

Objective Alpha(2)-adrenoceptors can be found both on vascular smooth muscle cells and on the endothelium, where they exert opposing effects on vascular tone. In vitro, the stimulation of alpha (2)-adrenoceptors on endothelial cells leads to the release of vasodilating substances like nitric oxide (NO) and prostanoids, Little is known of this mechanism in vivo. Design and methods We investigated the effects of the NO-synthase inhibitor L-NMMA (10(-6) mol) and the alpha (2)-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (YO, 10(-10)-10(-6) mol) on noradrenaline (NA, 10(-12)-10(-8) mol)-induced vasoconstriction in the forearm skin microcirculation of 16 healthy volunteers using double injection technique and laser Doppler flowmetry, Results are expressed in perfusion units (PU) as differences from baseline and control in mean +/- SEM; the area under the time-response-curve was calculated (AUC),Results NA (10(-8)-10(-12) mol) caused a marked, dose-dependent reduction in blood flow (mean effect -745 +/- 84 AUC PU; P < 0.001 versus saline). NA-induced vasoconstriction was enhanced by L-NMMA (mean effect -916 <plus/minus> 72 AUC PU; P < 0.001 versus NA). YO (10(-6)-10(-10) mol) induced a significant, dose-dependent vasodilation (mean effect + 446 <plus/minus> 110 AUC PU; P < 0.05 versus control); high doses of YO (10-6 mol) inhibited NA constriction (P < 0.001 versus NA), whereas lower doses of YO (10(-8)/10(-10) mol) had no effect or even increased NA-induced constriction. In the presence of L-NMMA, YO (10(-8) and 10(-10) mol) further potentiated NA-induced vasoconstriction (mean effect -1165 +/- 108 AUC PU; NS versus NA). Conclusion These data demonstrate, that in humans in vivo, endogenous NO attenuates noradrenergic constriction. The effects of YO suggest that endothelial alpha (2)-adrenoceptors are involved in the release of NO and other vasodilating substances. Furthermore, there is an additive NO-independent vasodilation, which can be unmasked by L-NMMA. J Hypertens 19:907-911 (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 07:30:39