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Titolo:
Cognitive functions in workers exposed to toluene: evaluation at least 48 hours after removal from exposure
Autore:
Deschamps, D; Geraud, C; Dally, S;
Indirizzi:
Hosp Fernand Widal, Dept Internal & Clin Toxicol, F-75475 Paris, France Hosp Fernand Widal Paris France F-75475 n Toxicol, F-75475 Paris, France
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL ARCHIVES OF OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 74, anno: 2001,
pagine: 285 - 288
SICI:
0340-0131(200105)74:4<285:CFIWET>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CENTRAL-NERVOUS-SYSTEM; OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE; ROTOGRAVURE PRINTERS; ORGANIC-SOLVENTS; PERFORMANCE; RISK;
Keywords:
toluene; cognitive functions; neurobehavioural functions;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
21
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dally, S Hosp Fernand Widal, Dept Internal & Clin Toxicol, F-75475 Paris, France Hosp Fernand Widal Paris France F-75475 , F-75475 Paris, France
Citazione:
D. Deschamps et al., "Cognitive functions in workers exposed to toluene: evaluation at least 48 hours after removal from exposure", INT A OCCUP, 74(4), 2001, pp. 285-288

Abstract

Objectives: Long-term exposure to toluene may result in subtle impairment of cognitive functions. However, it is not clear whether this impairment isdue to the presence of the solvent in the body or if it persists after itselimination from blood. The aim of this study is to compare cognitive functions between toluene-exposed workers (at least 48 h after removal from exposure) and non-exposed workers. Methods: Seventy-two workers exposed for atleast 5 years to toluene (9 to 467 ppm) completed a questionnaire and psychometric tests. The results were compared with those of 61 non-exposed workers. An alveolar air sample was taken just before the tests to ensure the absence of toluene. Results: Results of the vocabulary test were slightly better in exposed (correct words: 21 +/- 0.6) than in non-exposed workers (19+/- 0.8) (P < 0.05). No differences were found for simple reaction time, digit symbol, digit span, continuous tracking test, color word and switchingattention test. Conclusions: The results of this study do not support: thenotion of the persistence of cognitive effects of toluene after elimination of the solvent from blood.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 20/01/20 alle ore 04:40:29