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Titolo:
The potential impacts of climate variability and change on air pollution-related health effects in the United States
Autore:
Bernard, SM; Samet, JM; Grambsch, A; Ebi, KL; Romieu, I;
Indirizzi:
Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA 21205 th Sci, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USAJohns Hopkins Univ Baltimore MD USA h, Dept Epidemiol, Baltimore, MD USA US EPA, Off Res & Dev, Washington, DC 20460 USA US EPA Washington DC USA 20460 A, Off Res & Dev, Washington, DC 20460 USA EPRI, Palo Alto, CA USA EPRI Palo Alto CA USAEPRI, Palo Alto, CA USA US Ctr Dis Control & Prevent, Natl Ctr Environm Hlth, Atlanta, GA USA US Ctr Dis Control & Prevent Atlanta GA USA vironm Hlth, Atlanta, GA USA
Titolo Testata:
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH PERSPECTIVES
, volume: 109, anno: 2001, supplemento:, 2
pagine: 199 - 209
SICI:
0091-6765(200105)109:<199:TPIOCV>2.0.ZU;2-O
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COMMUNITIES; OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE; 0.12 PPM OZONE; HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS; NITROGEN-DIOXIDE; RESPIRATORY MORBIDITY; EXERCISING CHILDREN; CHRONIC EXPOSURE; DIFFERING LEVELS; UCLA POPULATION;
Keywords:
air pollution; climate change; criteria air pollutants; global warming; ozone; particulate matter;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
81
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Bernard, SM Johns Hopkins Univ, Sch Hyg & Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth Sci, 615 N Wolfe St,Room 7041, Baltimore, MD 21205 USA Johns Hopkins Univ 615N Wolfe St,Room 7041 Baltimore MD USA 21205
Citazione:
S.M. Bernard et al., "The potential impacts of climate variability and change on air pollution-related health effects in the United States", ENVIR H PER, 109, 2001, pp. 199-209

Abstract

Climate change may affect exposures to air pollutants by affecting weather, anthropogenic emissions, and biogenic emissions and by changing the distribution and types of airborne allergens. Local temperature, precipitation, clouds, atmospheric water vapor. wind speed, and wind direction influence atmospheric chemical processes, and interactions occur between local and global-scale environments. If the climate becomes warmer and more variable, air quality is likely to be affected. However, the specific types of change (i.e., local, regional, or global), the direction of change in a particular location (i.e., positive or negative), and the magnitude of change in air quality that may be attributable to climate change are a matter of speculation, based on extrapolating present understanding to future scenarios. Thereis already extensive evidence on the health effects of air pollution. Ground-level ozone can exacerbate chronic respiratory diseases and cause short-term reductions in lung function. Exposure to particulate matter can aggravate chronic respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, alter host defenses, damage lung tissue, lead to premature death, and possibly contribute to cancer. Health effects of exposures to carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen dioxide can include reduced work capacity, aggravation of existing cardiovascular diseases, effects on pulmonary function, respiratory illnesses, lung irritation, and alterations in the lung's defense systems. Adaptations to climate change should include ensuring responsiveness of air quality protection programs to changing pollution levels. Research needs include basic atmospheric science work on the association between weather and air pollutants; improving air pollution models and their linkage with climate change scenarios; and closing gaps in the understanding of exposure patterns and health effects.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 00:52:48