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Titolo:
Access to natural resources and the fertility decision of women: the case of South Africa
Autore:
Aggarwal, R; Netanyahu, S; Romano, C;
Indirizzi:
Univ Maryland, Dept Agr & Resource Econ, College Pk, MD 20742 USA Univ Maryland College Pk MD USA 20742 urce Econ, College Pk, MD 20742 USA Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Inst Appl Res, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel Ben Gurion Univ Negev Beer Sheva Israel IL-84105 4105 Beer Sheva, Israel
Titolo Testata:
ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
parte:, 2
pagine: 209 - 236
SICI:
1355-770X(200105)6:<209:ATNRAT>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHILD-MORTALITY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Aggarwal, R Univ Maryland, Dept Agr & Resource Econ, 2200 Symons Hall, College Pk, MD 20742 USA Univ Maryland 2200 Symons Hall College Pk MD USA 20742 742 USA
Citazione:
R. Aggarwal et al., "Access to natural resources and the fertility decision of women: the case of South Africa", ENVIR DEV E, 6, 2001, pp. 209-236

Abstract

Previous studies have examined the impact of an exogenous increase in population on the local resource base. In some recent theoretical work it has been proposed that resource scarcity, in turn, may affect fertility, and hence population growth rates. However, the sign and magnitude of this effect remains an open empirical question. In this paper we examine the impact of fuelwood and water scarcity on fertility rates using household data from rural South Africa. An individual choice model of fertility is estimated in which resource scarcity affects the demand for children through its effect on child mortality and productivity of children as resource collectors. Several alternative measures of resource scarcity are used, such as average distance traveled and time per trip for collecting water and fuelwood. We findwood scarcity to have a positive and significant effect on fertility. The effect of water scarcity is also positive, but not significant in general.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/05/20 alle ore 16:32:52