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Titolo:
Vagal tone, development, and Gray's motivational theory: Toward an integrated model of autonomic nervous system functioning in psychopathology
Autore:
Beauchaine, T;
Indirizzi:
Univ Washington, Dept Psychol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA Univ Washington Seattle WA USA 98195 Dept Psychol, Seattle, WA 98195 USA
Titolo Testata:
DEVELOPMENT AND PSYCHOPATHOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 183 - 214
SICI:
0954-5794(200121)13:2<183:VTDAGM>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HEART-RATE-VARIABILITY; RESPIRATORY SINUS ARRHYTHMIA; GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER; PARASYMPATHETIC CARDIAC CONTROL; AGGRESSIVE CONDUCT DISORDER; ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER; CORONARY-ARTERY DISEASE; INFANT TEMPERAMENT QUESTIONNAIRE; SUSTAINED VISUAL-ATTENTION; POWER-SPECTRAL-ANALYSIS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
240
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Beauchaine, T Univ Washington, Dept Psychol, Box 351525, Seattle, WA 98195USA Univ Washington Box 351525 Seattle WA USA 98195 WA 98195 USA
Citazione:
T. Beauchaine, "Vagal tone, development, and Gray's motivational theory: Toward an integrated model of autonomic nervous system functioning in psychopathology", DEV PSYCHOP, 13(2), 2001, pp. 183-214

Abstract

In the last decade, cardiac vagal tone has emerged as a psychophysiological marker of many aspects of behavioral functioning in both children and adults. Research efforts during this time have produced an extensive list of vagal tone correlates that includes temperamental variables as well as both anxious/internalizing and disruptive/externalizing behaviors. This potentially confusing state of affairs is compounded by developmental shifts in vagal tone-behavior relations that to date have not been elucidated. In this paper, the vagal tone literature is reviewed, and discrepancies, including the lack of specificity of vagal tone as a psychophysiological marker, are clarified. Such clarification requires that we (a) view vagal tone-behavior relations in developmental context, (b) juxtapose vagal tone-behavior relations in typical and atypical samples, and (c) consider the parasympathetic underpinnings of vagal tone as but one component in a broader model of autonomic nervous system functioning. Such a model is provided by combining Gray's motivational theory with Forges's polyvagal theory. Together these models account for behavioral and emotional differences in a diverse range of psychological disorders that are not differentiated by either model alone. Moreover, use of the integrated model offers a theory-driven approach to thestudy of autonomic nervous system-behavior relations.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 07:21:05