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Titolo:
Do self-help interventions in health education lead to cognitive changes, and do cognitive changes lead to behavioural change?
Autore:
Dijkstra, A; De Vries, H;
Indirizzi:
Leiden Univ, Dept Clin & Hlth Psychol, NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Leiden Univ Leiden Netherlands NL-2300 RB NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Maastricht Univ, Dept Hlth Educ, Maastricht, Netherlands Maastricht Univ Maastricht Netherlands th Educ, Maastricht, Netherlands
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY
, volume: 6, anno: 2001,
parte:, 2
pagine: 121 - 134
SICI:
1359-107X(200105)6:<121:DSIIHE>2.0.ZU;2-N
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SMOKING CESSATION; TRANSDERMAL NICOTINE; QUIT SMOKING; EFFICACY; SMOKERS; INFORMATION; EXTENSION; PROGRESS; FEEDBACK; ATTITUDE;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
42
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dijkstra, A Leiden Univ, Dept Clin & Hlth Psychol, Pieter de la Court Bldg,Wassenaarseweg 52,POB 955, NL-2300 RB Leiden, Netherlands Leiden Univ Pieter de la Court Bldg,Wassenaarseweg 52,POB 955 Leiden Netherlands NL-2300 RB
Citazione:
A. Dijkstra e H. De Vries, "Do self-help interventions in health education lead to cognitive changes, and do cognitive changes lead to behavioural change?", BR J H PSYC, 6, 2001, pp. 121-134

Abstract

Objectives. The present study examined the extent to which self-help interventions change specific cognitions and the extent to which changes in suchcognitions are related to behavioural changes. Design. A randomized field experiment with follow-ups after 2 weeks and 3 months. MMethod. Smokers (N = 1546) were randomly assigned to one of four conditions offering smoking cessation self-help materials containing (1) outcome information, (2) self-efficacy enhancing information, (3) both sores of information, or (4) no information. Results. First, with regard to behavioural effects, only self-help interventions that included self-efficacy enhancing information were more effective than no information. Second, with regard to the cognitive changes, the data showed that outcome information led to increase in expected positive outcomes but also to increases in self-efficacy expectations, Further, self-efficacy-enhancing information led to increases in self-efficacy. Third, different cognitive changes between T1 and T2 were related to different types of quitting activity at T3 in different groups of smokers. Conclusions. Some types of information lead to specific cognitive changes,while other types have more generalized cognitive effects. Further, cognitive changes produced by a serf-help intervention predict future quitting activity.

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Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 01:14:17