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Titolo:
Influence of symptom-related vs. distractive attention focus on the problem-orientation of subclinically depressed persons in interpersonal situations
Autore:
Schilling, L; Spies, K;
Indirizzi:
Univ Gottingen, Georg Elias Muller Inst Psychol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany Univ Gottingen Gottingen Germany D-37073 hol, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KLINISCHE PSYCHOLOGIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 30, anno: 2001,
pagine: 84 - 90
SICI:
1616-3443(2001)30:2<84:IOSVDA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
PROBLEM-SOLVING ABILITY; TRAIT AFFECTIVITY; RUMINATION; THINKING; MOOD;
Keywords:
depression; problem orientation; focus of attention;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Schilling, L Univ Gottingen, Georg Elias Muller Inst Psychol, Gosslerstr 14, D-37073 Gottingen, Germany Univ Gottingen Gosslerstr 14 Gottingen Germany D-37073 rmany
Citazione:
L. Schilling e K. Spies, "Influence of symptom-related vs. distractive attention focus on the problem-orientation of subclinically depressed persons in interpersonal situations", Z KLIN P P, 30(2), 2001, pp. 84-90

Abstract

Background: Aspects of the problem orientation for depressive as compared to nondepressive subjects were investigated referring to the problem-solving model of Nezu, Nezu and Perri (1989) and the "Response-Style" approach byNolen-Hoeksema (1991). Objective: The assumption was tested that deficits in problem orientation that are characteristic for depressed persons occur especially with a ruminative attention focus and are ameliorated with a distractive attention focus. Methods: For half of the subclinically depressed (n = 30) and nondepressed (n = 40) subjects, a ruminative or distractive attention focus was induced. Subjects were then asked to relive five aversive/ambiguous interpersonal problem situations. For each problem situation various aspects of the problem orientation were assessed via questionnaire. Results: The expected differences between subclinically depressed and non-depressed subjects occurred for problem attribution, problem evaluation, expected control, and approach tendency, but not for subjective importance, general controllability, and avoidance tendency. Contrary to the expectations of Nolen-Hoeksema (1991), results did not change in dependence of the attention focus induced. Conclusions: The expected deficits in the problem orientation of depressed persons were demonstrated. There was no effect of the induced ruminative vs, distractive attention focus. Maybe attention focus must be seen as a dispositional trait rather than a current state and thus cannot be easily changed by short experimental manipulations.

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Documento generato il 22/01/20 alle ore 07:12:09