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Titolo:
Characterization of root exudates at different growth stages of ten rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars
Autore:
Aulakh, MS; Wassmann, R; Bueno, C; Kreuzwieser, J; Rennenberg, H;
Indirizzi:
Univ Freiburg, Inst Forest Bot & Tree Physiol, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany Univ Freiburg Freiburg Germany D-79085 hysiol, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany Int Rice Res Inst, Soil & Water Sci Div, Makati City, Philippines Int RiceRes Inst Makati City Philippines Div, Makati City, Philippines Fraunhofer Inst Atmospher Environm Res, Garmisch Partenkirchen, Germany Fraunhofer Inst Atmospher Environm Res Garmisch Partenkirchen Germany y
Titolo Testata:
PLANT BIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 3, anno: 2001,
pagine: 139 - 148
SICI:
1435-8603(200103)3:2<139:COREAD>2.0.ZU;2-Y
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ZEA-MAYS L; ORGANIC-ACIDS; AERENCHYMA FORMATION; PADDY SOIL; RHIZOSPHERE; METHANE; PLANTS; IRON; SOLUBILIZATION; CONSEQUENCES;
Keywords:
root exudates; organic carbon; organic acids; carbohydrates; rice cultivars; growth stages; methane production;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
45
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Rennenberg, H Univ Freiburg, Inst Forest Bot & Tree Physiol, D-79085 Freiburg, Germany Univ Freiburg Freiburg Germany D-79085 5 Freiburg, Germany
Citazione:
M.S. Aulakh et al., "Characterization of root exudates at different growth stages of ten rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars", PLANT BIO, 3(2), 2001, pp. 139-148

Abstract

Plant root exudates play important roles in the rhizosphere. We tested three media (nutrient solution, deionized water and CaSO4 solution) for three periods of time (2, 4 and 6 h) for collecting root exudates of soil-grown rice plants. Nutrient culture solution created complications in the analysesof exudates for total organic C (TOC) by the wet digestion method and of organic acids by HPLC due to the interference by its components. Deionized water excluded such interference in analytical analyses but affected the turgor of root cells: roots of four widely different rice cultivars excreted 20 to 60% more TOC in deionized water than in 0.01 M CaSO4. Furthermore, theproportion of carbohydrates in TOC was also enhanced. Calcium sulfate solution maintained the osmotic environment for root cells and did not interfere in analytical procedures. Collection for 2 h avoided under-estimation of TOC and its components exuded by rice roots, which occurred during prolonged exposure. By placing plants in 0.01 M CaSO4 for 2 h, root exudates of soil-grown traditional, tall rice cultivars (Dular, B40 and Intan), high-yielding dwarf cultivars (IR72, IR52, IR64 and PSBRc 20), new plant type cultivars (IR65598 and IR65600) and a hybrid (Magat) were collected at seedling, panicle initiation, flowering and maturity and characterized for TOC and organic acids. The exudation rates were, in general, lowest at seedling stage,increased until flowering but decreased at maturity. Among organic acids, malic acid showed the highest concentration followed by tartaric, succinic,citric and lactic acids. With advancing plant growth, exudation of organicacids substituted exudation of sugars. Root and shoot biomass were positively correlated with carbon exudation suggesting that it is driven by plant biomass. As root exudates provide substrates for methanogenesis in rice fields, large variations in root exudation by cultivars and at different growth stages could greatly influence CH4 emissions. Therefore, the use of high-yielding cultivars with lowest root excretions, for example IR65598 and IR65600, would mediate low exudate-induced CH4 production. The screening of exciting rice cultivars and breeding of new cultivars with low exudation rates could offer an important option for mitigation of CH4 emission from rice agriculture to the atmosphere.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/07/20 alle ore 22:38:57