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Titolo:
Gender differences in human immunodeficiency virus-related oral lesions: An Italian study
Autore:
Campisi, G; Pizzo, G; Mancuso, S; Margiotta, V;
Indirizzi:
Univ Palermo, Sch Dent, Dept Periodontol, Palermo, Italy Univ Palermo Palermo Italy , Sch Dent, Dept Periodontol, Palermo, Italy Univ Palermo, Dept Oral Med, Sch Dent, Palermo, Italy Univ Palermo Palermo Italy rmo, Dept Oral Med, Sch Dent, Palermo, Italy Univ Palermo, Reg Reference Ctr AIDS, Palermo, Italy Univ Palermo Palermo Italy ermo, Reg Reference Ctr AIDS, Palermo, Italy
Titolo Testata:
ORAL SURGERY ORAL MEDICINE ORAL PATHOLOGY ORAL RADIOLOGY AND ENDODONTICS
fascicolo: 5, volume: 91, anno: 2001,
pagine: 546 - 551
SICI:
1079-2104(200105)91:5<546:GDIHIV>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HIV-1 VIRAL LOAD; DISEASE PROGRESSION; HAIRY LEUKOPLAKIA; CANDIDA-ALBICANS; SEX-DIFFERENCES; WOMEN; INFECTION; AIDS; MANIFESTATIONS; EPIDEMIOLOGY;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
G. Campisi et al., "Gender differences in human immunodeficiency virus-related oral lesions: An Italian study", ORAL SURG O, 91(5), 2001, pp. 546-551

Abstract

Objective, The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between oral lesions and gender age, CD4(+) cell count, human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) viral load, antiretroviral therapy and route of transmission in a group of HIV-infected (HIV+) persons from the Mediterranean region. Study design. The participants in this study were HIV+ adults who sought dental care between January 1999 and lune 1999 in the Department of Oral Medicine (University df Palermo, Italy). Results, One hundred thirty-six HIV+ adults came in for an initial oral examination. Their mean age was 35.2 years (SD +/- 7.97), and 33% were women. Their mean CD4(+) cell count was 325.3 x 10(6)/L (SD +/- 225.8), and theirHIV-1 viral load was 39,168.3 copies/mL (SD +/- 144,256.1). Oral lesions were found in 47% of the study group, as well as in 56.5% of women (n = 46) versus 45.5% of men (n = 90; P = .05). Oral candidiasis was the most commondisease; it is significantly associated with women (P = .004), CD4(+) cellcount (P = .005), and HIV-1 viral load (P = .0003). No significant relationships were found between any types of oral lesions and age, antiretroviraltherapy or route of transmission (P > .2). Conclusion. The prevalence of HIV-related oral lesions was significantly higher in women than in men, Especially for oral candidiasis, the most common lesion observed related to immune status and HIV-1 viral load.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/03/20 alle ore 10:58:42