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Titolo:
Patterns of naming objects and actions in children with word finding difficulties
Autore:
Dockrell, JE; Messer, D; George, R;
Indirizzi:
Inst Educ, London WC1H 0AL, England Inst Educ London England WC1H 0ALInst Educ, London WC1H 0AL, England Univ Hertfordshire, Psychol Div, Hatfield AL10 9AB, Herts, England Univ Hertfordshire Hatfield Herts England AL10 9AB 10 9AB, Herts, England Univ Cent Lancashire, Div Psychol, Preston PR1 2HE, Lancs, England Univ Cent Lancashire Preston Lancs England PR1 2HE R1 2HE, Lancs, England
Titolo Testata:
LANGUAGE AND COGNITIVE PROCESSES
fascicolo: 2-3, volume: 16, anno: 2001,
pagine: 261 - 286
SICI:
0169-0965(200104)16:2-3<261:PONOAA>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GENERALIZED SLOWING HYPOTHESIS; LANGUAGE-IMPAIRED CHILDREN; LEARNING-DISABILITIES; DISABLED CHILDREN; DEFICITS; PRESCHOOLERS; ACQUISITION; ADOLESCENTS; DYSLEXIA; SKILLS;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
61
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Dockrell, JE Inst Educ, 20 Bedford Way, London WC1H 0AL, England Inst Educ20 Bedford Way London England WC1H 0AL AL, England
Citazione:
J.E. Dockrell et al., "Patterns of naming objects and actions in children with word finding difficulties", LANG COGN P, 16(2-3), 2001, pp. 261-286

Abstract

Children who experience difficulties in naming are described as having word finding difficulties (WFDs). In the present study 31 children with WFDs were identified through a wider survey of educational provision for those with language and communication difficulties. The children were included if they were between 6;4-7;10 years, had normal non-verbal intelligence, no major articulation difficulties, and had WFDs as diagnosed by the Test of WordFinding Difficulties. Three control groups were identified who were matched on: chronological age (N = 31), naming age (N = 31), and level of receptive grammar (N = 31). Children's comprehension of words, accuracy of naming,and latency to name were assessed for numerals, letters, and pictures of objects and actions. Half the pictures presented were high frequency items and half were low frequency items. The children with WFDs formed a heterogeneous group with respect to other language measures with the primary defining feature being their poor performance in word retrieval and their poor performance on a semantic fluency test. No differences were found between the children with WFDs and their age-matched peers when naming letters and numerals or in the comprehension of objects and actions. In contrast, the accuracy and latency of naming were significantly worse than that of age-matchedpeers. Accuracy of naming was equivalent to that of the language-matched peers and error patterns also were similar. However, the children with WFDs were the slowest to provide responses and for naming high frequency objectsthis difference approached significance in comparison to language-matched peers (p = .052). The findings point to the importance of using appropriatecontrol groups, and are discussed in relation to the idea that WFDs are caused by impoverished semantic representations.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 05/04/20 alle ore 09:42:05