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Titolo:
A REVIEW OF MILD HEAD TRAUMA .1. METAANALYTIC REVIEW OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES
Autore:
BINDER LM; ROHLING ML; LARRABEE GJ;
Indirizzi:
4900 SW GRIFFITH DR,SUITE 244 BEAVERTON OR 97005 OREGON HLTH SCI UNIV PORTLAND OR 97201 UNIV NEBRASKA LINCOLN NE 68583
Titolo Testata:
Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section A, Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
fascicolo: 3, volume: 19, anno: 1997,
pagine: 421 - 431
SICI:
1380-3395(1997)19:3<421:AROMHT>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CONSTRUCT-VALIDITY; INJURY; CONCUSSION; DEFICITS; SEQUELAE; TESTS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Science Citation Index Expanded
Science Citation Index Expanded
Citazioni:
41
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Citazione:
L.M. Binder et al., "A REVIEW OF MILD HEAD TRAUMA .1. METAANALYTIC REVIEW OF NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL STUDIES", Neuropsychology, development, and cognition. Section A, Journal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology, 19(3), 1997, pp. 421-431

Abstract

We conducted a meta-analytic review of neuropsychological studies of mild head trauma (MHT). Studies were included if they met these criteria: patients studied at least 3 months after MHT; patients selected because of a history of MHT rather than because they were symptomatic; and attrition rate of less than 50% for longitudinal studies. Studies of children were not considered. We found a total of 8 published paperswith 11 samples that met these criteria. Using the g statistic, the overall effect size of 0.07 was nonsignificant, but the d statistic yielded an effect size of 0.12, p < .03. Measures of attention had the largest effect, g = 0.17. p < .02 and d = 0.20, p < .096. Severity of injury accounted for far more variance than did specific neuropsychological domain, however. The small effect size suggests that the maximum prevalence of persistent neuropsychological deficit is likely to be small and neuropsychological assessment is likely to have positive predictive value of less than 50%. Consequently, clinicians will more likelybe correct when not diagnosing brain injury than when diagnosing a brain injury in cases with chronic disability after MHT.

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Documento generato il 15/07/20 alle ore 07:15:58