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Titolo:
The specificity of infant emotional expression for emotion perception
Autore:
Spangler, G; Emlinger, S; Meinhardt, J; Hamm, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Giessen, Dept Psychol, D-35394 Giessen, Germany Univ Giessen Giessen Germany D-35394 t Psychol, D-35394 Giessen, Germany Univ Regensburg, Inst Psychol, D-8400 Regensburg, Germany Univ RegensburgRegensburg Germany D-8400 ol, D-8400 Regensburg, Germany Univ Greifswald, Inst Psychol, Greifswald, Germany Univ Greifswald Greifswald Germany d, Inst Psychol, Greifswald, Germany
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 41, anno: 2001,
pagine: 155 - 168
SICI:
0167-8760(200106)41:2<155:TSOIEE>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
STARTLE REFLEX; FEARFUL SUBJECTS; MODULATION; PROBE; POTENTIATION; ATTENTION; IMAGERY; BLINK;
Keywords:
perception of infant emotion; IAPS; startle response; mimic responses;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
36
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Spangler, G Univ Giessen, Dept Psychol, Otto Behaghel Str 10-F, D-35394 Giessen, Germany Univ Giessen Otto Behaghel Str 10-F Giessen Germany D-35394y
Citazione:
G. Spangler et al., "The specificity of infant emotional expression for emotion perception", INT J PSYCP, 41(2), 2001, pp. 155-168

Abstract

Attachment theory emphasizes the role of negative emotional expression in infancy for establishing proximity to and care of the caregiver. According to Lang's biphasic model of emotions protective reflexes (e,g. startle response) are primed if a defensive motivational set is activated. The aim of the study was to examine whether the perception of an infant emotional expression can prime such defensive behavior. The sample consisted of 48 university students. Startle reflex, corrugator and zygomatic EMG activity and subjective ratings of valence and arousal were assessed as a response to presentation of pictures of different emotional valence. Affective startle modulation was obtained when probes were presented during pictures of the International Affective Pictures System replicating previous findings. By contrast, negative infant emotion pictures did not prompt an augmentation of the startle response, although both the subjective ratings and the mimic EMG activity indicated a clear differentiation between negative and positive infant pictures. This pattern of findings was found only in a between-subject design, but not when the two picture sets were presented in the same session,indicating an interference of contrasting content of pictures. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B,V. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 13:14:59