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Titolo:
Use of computational fluid dynamics models for dosimetry of inhaled gases in the nasal passages
Autore:
Kimbell, JS; Subramaniam, RP;
Indirizzi:
CIIT, Ctr Hlth Res, Res Triangle Pk, NC 27709 USA CIIT Res Triangle Pk NCUSA 27709 Hlth Res, Res Triangle Pk, NC 27709 USA US EPA, Washington, DC 20460 USA US EPA Washington DC USA 20460US EPA, Washington, DC 20460 USA
Titolo Testata:
INHALATION TOXICOLOGY
fascicolo: 5, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 325 - 334
SICI:
0895-8378(200105)13:5<325:UOCFDM>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
INSPIRATORY AIR-FLOW; F344 RAT; COMPUTER-SIMULATION; RESPIRATORY-TRACT; RHESUS-MONKEY; FORMALDEHYDE; NOSE; DNA; PREDICTIONS; DEPOSITION;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kimbell, JS CIIT, Ctr Hlth Res, 6 Davis Dr,POB 12137, Res Triangle Pk, NC 27709 USA CIIT 6 Davis Dr,POB 12137 Res Triangle Pk NC USA 27709 709 USA
Citazione:
J.S. Kimbell e R.P. Subramaniam, "Use of computational fluid dynamics models for dosimetry of inhaled gases in the nasal passages", INHAL TOXIC, 13(5), 2001, pp. 325-334

Abstract

Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of the nasal passages of a rat, monkey, and human are being used (1) to determine important factors affecting nasal uptake, (2) to make interspecies dosimetric comparisons, (3) to provide detailed anatomical information for the rat, monkey, and human nasal passages, and (4) to provide estimates of regional air-phase mass transportcoefficients (a measure of the resistance to gas transport from inhaled air to airway walls) in the nasal passages of all three species. For many inhaled materials, lesion location in the nose follows patterns that are both site and species specific. For reactive, water-soluble (Category 1) gases, regional uptake can be a major factor in determining lesion location. Sincedirect measurement of airflow and uptake is experimentally difficult, CFD models are used here to predict uptake patterns quantitatively in three-dimensional reconstructions of the F344 rat, rhesus monkey, and human nasal passages. In formaldehyde uptake simulations, absorption processes were assumed to be as rapid as possible, and regional flux (transport rate) of inhaled formaldehyde to airway walls was calculated for rats, primates, and humans. For uptake of gases like vinyl acetate and acrylic acid vapors, physiologically based pharmacokinetic uptake models incorporating anatomical and physical information from the CFD models were developed to estimate nasal tissue dose in animals and humans. The use of biologically based models in risk assessment makes sources of uncertainty explicit and, in doing so, allowsquantification of uncertainty through sensitivity analyses. Limited resources can then be focused on reduction of important sources of uncertainty tomake risk estimates more accurate.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 01:33:30