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Titolo:
Vehicular emissions in roadway tunnels: A critical review
Autore:
El-Fadel, M; Hashisho, Z;
Indirizzi:
Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Engn & Architecture, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Beirut, Lebanon Amer Univ Beirut Beirut Lebanon Civil & Environm Engn, Beirut, Lebanon
Titolo Testata:
CRITICAL REVIEWS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 31, anno: 2001,
pagine: 125 - 174
SICI:
1064-3389(2001)31:2<125:VEIRTA>2.0.ZU;2-0
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TUSCARORA MOUNTAIN TUNNELS; WORLD VEHICLE EMISSIONS; CALIFORNIA REFORMULATED GASOLINE; VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS; SPARK-IGNITION VEHICLES; AIR-QUALITY SIMULATION; USE MOTOR VEHICLES; FORT MCHENRY; EXHAUST EMISSIONS; TRAFFIC TUNNEL;
Keywords:
vehicle-induced emissions; emission factors; EMFAC; MOBILE; dynamometer tests; tunnel air quality : characterization; modeling; ventilation; control measures;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
102
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: El-Fadel, M Amer Univ Beirut, Fac Engn & Architecture, Dept Civil & Environm Engn, Bliss St,POB 11-0236, Beirut, Lebanon Amer Univ Beirut Bliss St,POB 11-0236 Beirut Lebanon Lebanon
Citazione:
M. El-Fadel e Z. Hashisho, "Vehicular emissions in roadway tunnels: A critical review", CR R ENV SC, 31(2), 2001, pp. 125-174

Abstract

Traffic-induced emissions are a major source of air pollutants, particularly in urban areas. Adequate characterization and quantification of the contribution of this source depend to a large extent on the use of reliable pollutant emission factors. Recently, in addition to characterizing vehicle-induced pollutants, tunnels have been used to evaluate on-road emission factors. Accurate determination of those factors depends on the reliability of field measurements and the use of appropriate mathematical models to simulate the behavior of pollutants inside a tunnel. Different models, with various degrees of complexity, have been developed to estimate vehicle emission factors, and to simulate the fate and transport of pollutant emissions in tunnels. This article presents a critical review of research work conducted to characterize and simulate vehicle-induced pollutants in tunnels. Air-quality standards in tunnels, tunnel ventilation, and factors affecting pollutant concentration in tunnels with corresponding control measures are first addressed. Limitations and research needs are discussed in the context of the current state of the artin tunnel air-quality modeling.

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Documento generato il 28/09/20 alle ore 02:01:19