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Titolo:
Differences between female patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in respect to psychological and psychosocial features
Autore:
Walitza, S; Schulze, U; Warnke, A;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wurzburg, Klin Kinder & Jugendpsychiat & Psychotherapie, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 erapie, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KINDER-UND JUGENDPSYCHIATRIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 29, anno: 2001,
pagine: 117 - 125
SICI:
1422-4917(200105)29:2<117:DBFPWA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EATING DISORDERS; FOLLOW-UP; PERSONALITY-DISORDERS; ONSET; ADOLESCENTS; DEPRESSION; NORMS; AGE;
Keywords:
anorexia nervosa; bulimia nervosa; psychological features; psychosocial features; adolescents;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
62
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Warnke, A Univ Wurzburg, Klin Kinder & Jugendpsychiat & Psychotherapie, Fuchsleinstr15, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Fuchsleinstr 15 Wurzburg Germany D-97080 Germany
Citazione:
S. Walitza et al., "Differences between female patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in respect to psychological and psychosocial features", Z KIND JUG, 29(2), 2001, pp. 117-125

Abstract

Objectives: We present a retrospective study of 140 patients (110 with anorexia nervosa, 30 with bulimia nervosa), hospitalized between 1982-1992 at the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Wuerzburg, Germany. Methods. All patients met the ICD-IO criteria for anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa. We collected data from basic documentation and the multiaxial classification (MAS), using a variety of standard instruments such as Anis 32, MMPI, BDI, HAWIK-R and HAWIE. Results: Our findings show significant differences between the two populations. At the time of their first admission anorectic patients were somewhatyounger than their bulimic counterparts (14.5 years vs. 16.5 years, respectively). With regard to the typical symptoms of either disorder, the two populations differ in their eating behavior on the factor bulimia described by Anis-32. A comparison of personality features reveals that anorectic patients scored lower than bulimic patients on the MMPI scales, especially on psychopathology, but higher on depression in the BDI. Other characteristics of anorectic patients include a higher-than-average IQ, more enmeshment andoverprotectiveness in family relations, more separation anxiety and insufficient communication skills at school. By contrast, bulimic patients demonstrated poorer scholastic performance and more discipline problems at school, while communication among family members was impaired.

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Documento generato il 21/07/18 alle ore 03:55:21