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Titolo:
Victimization by peers as a developmental risk factor
Autore:
Klicpera, BG; Klicpera, C;
Indirizzi:
Univ Vienna, Inst Psychol, Arbeitsgrp Klin Psychol, A-1010 Vienna, AustriaUniv Vienna Vienna Austria A-1010 p Klin Psychol, A-1010 Vienna, Austria
Titolo Testata:
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR KINDER-UND JUGENDPSYCHIATRIE UND PSYCHOTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 29, anno: 2001,
pagine: 99 - 111
SICI:
1422-4917(200105)29:2<99:VBPAAD>2.0.ZU;2-3
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
MIDDLE-SCHOOL-CHILDREN; BULLY VICTIM PROBLEMS; BOYS PLAY GROUPS; BULLY/VICTIM PROBLEMS; SOCIAL-STATUS; AGGRESSION; BEHAVIOR; CONSEQUENCES; KINDERGARTEN; PERCEPTIONS;
Keywords:
victimization; depressive disorders; social competence; aggression;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
60
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Klicpera, BG Univ Vienna, Inst Psychol, Arbeitsgrp Klin Psychol, Univ Str 7, A-1010 Vienna, Austria Univ Vienna Univ Str 7 Vienna Austria A-1010 Vienna, Austria
Citazione:
B.G. Klicpera e C. Klicpera, "Victimization by peers as a developmental risk factor", Z KIND JUG, 29(2), 2001, pp. 99-111

Abstract

The phenomenon of victimization in the peer group has received considerable attention in recent years. This review examines the current state of research in this area. About 10% of ail students are affected by peer victimization and are repeatedly verbally or physically attacked by one or more of their fellow students. The causes are to be sought in the social context as rn:ell as in individual deficits in social skills, but also in the social-cognitive attributional patterns of the children. The parent-child relationship is another important risk factor. The stability of victimization is relatively high. Its short-term consequences consist of a negative mood and low self-esteem. In the long-term children feel lonely, helpless and sad. Recent research underscores a connection between victimization and the development of depressive disorders. Protective factors are composure in conflict situations, and especially the availability of at feast one good friend. Therapeutic interventions are to be considered at the individual level as well as at the level of the classroom unit. Training in certain areas of social competence would be helpful for the children, but consultation for their parents and teachers is important in order to interrupt certain group dynamic processes in the classroom. Future research should address the topic of peer victimization in clinical samples.

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Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 09:01:37