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Titolo:
Commentary responses and conscious awareness in humans: The implications for awareness in non-human animals
Autore:
Weiskrantz, L;
Indirizzi:
Univ Oxford, Dept Expt Psychol, Oxford OX1 3UD, England Univ Oxford Oxford England OX1 3UD Expt Psychol, Oxford OX1 3UD, England
Titolo Testata:
ANIMAL WELFARE
, volume: 10, anno: 2001, supplemento:, S
pagine: S41 - S46
SICI:
0962-7286(2001)10:<S41:CRACAI>2.0.ZU;2-4
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MONKEYS; BLINDSIGHT; SIGNALS;
Keywords:
amnesia; animal consciousness; animal welfare; awareness; commentary responses; neuropsychology;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
13
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Weiskrantz, L Univ Oxford, Dept Expt Psychol, S Parks Rd, Oxford OX1 3UD, England Univ Oxford S Parks Rd Oxford England OX1 3UD 3UD, England
Citazione:
L. Weiskrantz, "Commentary responses and conscious awareness in humans: The implications for awareness in non-human animals", ANIM WELFAR, 10, 2001, pp. S41-S46

Abstract

There are several examples from human neuropsychology of the intact preservation of processes and capacities in the absence of conscious awareness bythe patients. These include loss of visual awareness (blindsight), episodic memory (amnesic syndrome), attention (unilateral neglect) and language (aphasia). The implication of these and other clinical phenomena is that descriptions of ongoing behaviour are necessary but quite insufficient for making inferences about conscious awareness, because even quite 'high level' behaviour can be run off in the absence of awareness. A commentary, or independent off-line response, is a prerequisite for determining whether the subject is consciously aware. Whether or not the commentary allows an inferenceabout awareness in animals rests ultimately on an argument from analogy just as is the case when we make judgements about fellow humans. But when parallel disjunctions between on-line behaviour and off-line classifications are found for both human and infrahuman subjects, as is demonstrable for blindsight and amnesia, not only do they bolster inferences about common neural mechanisms, but they strengthen inferences for analogous processing and hence for conscious experience.

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Documento generato il 03/04/20 alle ore 19:03:30