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Titolo:
Dipolar coupling and ordering effects observed in magnetic resonance spectra of skeletal muscle
Autore:
Boesch, C; Kreis, R;
Indirizzi:
Univ Bern, MR Ctr 1, Dept Clin Res, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland Univ Bern Bern Switzerland CH-3010 t Clin Res, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland
Titolo Testata:
NMR IN BIOMEDICINE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 14, anno: 2001,
pagine: 140 - 148
SICI:
0952-3480(200104)14:2<140:DCAOEO>2.0.ZU;2-U
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
QUANTUM-FILTERED NMR; H-1 MR SPECTRA; INORGANIC-PHOSPHATE PEAK; IN-VIVO OBSERVATION; EXCISED RAT MUSCLE; CREATINE-KINASE; T-2 RELAXATION; INTRAMYOCELLULAR LIPIDS; DIFFUSION SPECTROSCOPY; P-31-NMR SPECTROSCOPY;
Keywords:
magnetic resonance spectroscopy; skeletal muscle; biological order; dipolar coupling; susceptibility; visibility; lipids; creatine;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
83
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Boesch, C Univ Bern, MR Ctr 1, Dept Clin Res, CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland Univ Bern Bern Switzerland CH-3010 , CH-3010 Bern, Switzerland
Citazione:
C. Boesch e R. Kreis, "Dipolar coupling and ordering effects observed in magnetic resonance spectra of skeletal muscle", NMR BIOMED, 14(2), 2001, pp. 140-148

Abstract

Skeletal muscle is a biological structure with a high degree of organization at different spatial levels. This order influences magnetic resonance (MR) in vino-in particular H-1-spectra-by a series of effects that have very distinct physical sources and biomedical applications: (a) bulk fat (extramyocellular lipids, EMCL) along fasciae forms macroscopic plates, changing the susceptibility within these structures compared to the spherical droplets that contain intra-myocellular lipids (IMCL); this effect leads to a separation of the signals from EMCL and IMCL; (b) dipolar coupling effects due to anisotropic motional averaging have been shown for H-1-resonances of creatine, taurine, and lactate; (c) aromatic protons of carnosine show orientation-dependent effects that can be explained by dipolar coupling, chemical shift anisotropy or by relaxation anisotropy; (d) limited rotational freedom and/or compartmentation may explain differences of H-1-MR-visibility of the creatine/phosphocreatine resonances; (e) lactate H-1-MR resonances are reported to reveal information on tissue compartmentation; (f) transverse relaxation of water and metabolites show multiple components, indicative of intra-, extracellular and/or macromolecular-bound pools, and in addition dipolar or J-coupling lead to a modulation of the signal decay, hindering straightforward interpretation; (g) diffusion weighted P-31-MRS has shown restricted diffusion of phosphocreatine; (h) magnetization transfer (MT) indicates that there is a motionally restricted proton pool in spin-exchange with free creatine; reduced availability or restricted motion of creatine is particularly important for an estimation of ADP from P-31-MR spectra, and in addition MT effects may alter the signal intensity of creatine H-1-resonances following water-suppression pulses; (1) transcytolemmal water-exchange can be studied in H-1-MRS by contrast-agents applied to the extracellular space; (k) transport of glucose across the cell membrane has been studied in diabetes patients using a combination of C-13- and P-31-MRS; and (1) residual quadrupolar interaction in Na-23 MR spectra from human skeletal muscle suggest that sodium ions are bound to ordered muscular structures. Copyright (C) 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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Documento generato il 08/08/20 alle ore 08:35:25