Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)


Gravitational attraction of local crustal masses in spherical coordinates
Smith, DA; Robertson, DS; Milbert, DG;
NOAA, Natl Geodet Survey, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA NOAA Silver Spring MD USA 20910 eodet Survey, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA Univ Colorado, NOAA, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Natl Geodet Survey, Boulder, CO 80309 USA Univ Colorado Boulder CO USA 80309 l Geodet Survey, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
Titolo Testata:
fascicolo: 11-12, volume: 74, anno: 2001,
pagine: 783 - 795
Helmert gravity anomalies; terrain correction; digital elevation model; geoid;
Tipo documento:
Settore Disciplinare:
Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Smith, DA NOAA, Natl Geodet Survey, 1315 E W Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910 USA NOAA 1315 E W Highway Silver Spring MD USA 20910 g, MD 20910 USA
D.A. Smith et al., "Gravitational attraction of local crustal masses in spherical coordinates", J GEODESY, 74(11-12), 2001, pp. 783-795


The gravitational attractions of terrestrial masses and condensed terrestrial masses were modeled in local regions of gravity stations in different ways. These differences in the models included the type of coordinate frame (Cartesian versus spherical), grid spacing (30 vs 3 arcseconds), and the shape of the terrain ("flat-topped" vs "sloped-topped" prisms). The effect ofeach of these variables is quantified for its overall impact on Helmert gravity anomalies. The combined effect of removing the masses and restoring the condensed masses is also compared to classical terrain corrections for suitability in computing Helmert anomalies. Some detailed conclusions are drawn from these test computations. The effect of the Earth's curvature has both a near-field effect (due to the differences in volume and shape betweenrectangular and spherical prisms) and a far-field effect (due to physical location of masses below the horizon). The near-field effect can achieve 0.4 mGal in the Rocky mountains, and affect the geoid by up to 7.5 cm. Additionally, the approximation of the terrain by flat-topped prisms (even at fine spacings such as 3 arcseconds) is inappropriate for terrain near the station, where errors of 20 mGal have been computed using 30-arcsecond data. Itis concluded that when 30-arcsecond terrain is allowed to have a more curved (bilinear) prism top, its gravitational attraction is a significantly closer approximation of 3-arcsecond terrain, even for the prism surrounding the station, as compared to the case of 30-arcsecond flat-topped prisms. It is suggested that classical terrain corrections, for many reasons, should not be used to compute Helmert anomalies. Considering only the accuracy, andnot the speed, of the computations, the following conclusions are drawn: terrain effects computed inside a local "cap" should be done exclusively in spherical coordinates with a 3-arcsecond Digital Elevation Model (DEM) out to 0.2 degrees radius, and then a 30-arcsecond DEM from 0.2 out to 3.5 degrees. In all cases, bilinearly shaped prism tops should be used.

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Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 07:54:12