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Titolo:
Pulmonary disease in HIV-infected African children
Autore:
Graham, SM; Coulter, JBS; Gilks, CF;
Indirizzi:
Univ Malawi, Coll Med, Dept Paediat, Zomba, Malawi Univ Malawi Zomba Malawi Malawi, Coll Med, Dept Paediat, Zomba, Malawi Univ Liverpool, Liverpool Sch Trop Med, Liverpool L3 5QA, Merseyside, England Univ Liverpool Liverpool Merseyside England L3 5QA A, Merseyside, England
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF TUBERCULOSIS AND LUNG DISEASE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 5, anno: 2001,
pagine: 12 - 23
SICI:
1027-3719(200101)5:1<12:PDIHAC>2.0.ZU;2-L
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
HUMAN-IMMUNODEFICIENCY-VIRUS; PNEUMOCYSTIS-CARINII PNEUMONIA; INVASIVE PNEUMOCOCCAL DISEASE; STREPTOCOCCUS-PNEUMONIAE; CLINICAL PRESENTATION; RESPIRATORY-TRACT; SOUTH-AFRICA; COTE-DIVOIRE; HAEMOPHILUS-INFLUENZAE; MALNOURISHED CHILDREN;
Keywords:
pneumonia; human immunodeficiency virus; childhood; Pneumocystis carinii; bacterial pneumonia; pneumococcus; pulmonary tuberculosis; lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis; Africa;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
93
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Graham, SM Sydney Childrens Hosp, Emergency Dept, High St, Randwick, NSW 2031, Australia Sydney Childrens Hosp High St Randwick NSW Australia 2031 ralia
Citazione:
S.M. Graham et al., "Pulmonary disease in HIV-infected African children", INT J TUBE, 5(1), 2001, pp. 12-23

Abstract

Childhood human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is common in most regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Acute and chronic respiratory diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in HIV-infected children. They represent a significant added burden in a region where diagnostic capabilities are limited and management decisions are often made on the basis of clinical guidelines alone. Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia is now recognised as an important cause of acute severe Pneumonia and death in HIV-infected infants. However, there are few data on incidence and aetiology for more treatable conditions such as bacterial pneumonia. The association of pulmonary tuberculosis and HN infection is uncertain, and the diagnosis is further confused by the presence of lymphoid interstitial pneumonitis and other chronic HIV-related pulmonary disease. This article reviews the literature and highlights the urgent need for further research in order to improve clinical management and appropriate interventions.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 03/07/20 alle ore 01:31:37