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Titolo:
Types of dietary fat and breast cancer: A pooled analysis of cohort studies
Autore:
Smith-Warner, SA; Spiegelman, D; Adami, HO; Beeson, WL; van den Brandt, PA; Folsom, AR; Fraser, GE; Freudenheim, JL; Goldbohm, RA; Graham, S; Kushi, LH; Miller, AB; Rohan, TE; Speizer, FE; Toniolo, P; Willett, WC; Wolk, A; Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A; Hunter, DJ;
Indirizzi:
Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard UnivBoston MA USA 02115 bl Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 th, Dept Epidemiol, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 Hlth, Dept Biostat, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 Dept Environm Hlth, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 vard Univ, Sch Med, Boston, MA 02115 USA Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Channing Lab, Boston, MA USA Brigham & Womens Hosp Boston MA USA pt Med, Channing Lab, Boston, MA USA Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Ctr Canc Prevent, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ Boston MA USA 02115 , Ctr Canc Prevent, Boston, MA 02115 USA Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden Karolinska Inst Stockholm Sweden Dept Med Epidemiol, Stockholm, Sweden Loma Linda Univ, Sch Med, Ctr Hlth Res, Loma Linda, CA USA Loma Linda Univ Loma Linda CA USA Med, Ctr Hlth Res, Loma Linda, CA USA Univ Maastricht, Dept Epidemiol, Maastricht, Netherlands Univ Maastricht Maastricht Netherlands idemiol, Maastricht, Netherlands Univ Minnesota, Sch Publ Hlth, Div Epidemiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA Univ Minnesota Minneapolis MN USA 55455 demiol, Minneapolis, MN 55455 USA SUNY Buffalo, Dept Social & Prevent Med, Buffalo, NY 14260 USA SUNY Buffalo Buffalo NY USA 14260 al & Prevent Med, Buffalo, NY 14260 USA TNO, Nutr & Food Res Inst, Dept Epidemiol, NL-3700 AJ Zeist, Netherlands TNO Zeist Netherlands NL-3700 AJ pidemiol, NL-3700 AJ Zeist, Netherlands Columbia Univ Teachers Coll, New York, NY 10027 USA Columbia Univ TeachersColl New York NY USA 10027 New York, NY 10027 USA Deutsch Krebsforschungszentrum, Div Clin Epidemiol, D-6900 Heidelberg, Germany Deutsch Krebsforschungszentrum Heidelberg Germany D-6900 elberg, Germany Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Epidemiol & Social Med, Bronx, NY 10467 USAAlbert Einstein Coll Med Bronx NY USA 10467 cial Med, Bronx, NY 10467 USA NYU, Sch Med, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, New York, NY USA NYU New York NY USA YU, Sch Med, Dept Obstet & Gynecol, New York, NY USA NYU, Sch Med, Nelson Inst Environm Med, New York, NY USA NYU New York NY USA Sch Med, Nelson Inst Environm Med, New York, NY USA NYU, Sch Med, Kaplan Canc Ctr, New York, NY USA NYU New York NY USANYU, Sch Med, Kaplan Canc Ctr, New York, NY USA
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER
fascicolo: 5, volume: 92, anno: 2001,
pagine: 767 - 774
SICI:
0020-7136(20010601)92:5<767:TODFAB>2.0.ZU;2-S
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
FOOD FREQUENCY QUESTIONNAIRE; OLIVE OIL; CONFIDENCE-INTERVALS; DISEASE PREVENTION; MEASUREMENT ERROR; ENERGY-INTAKE; NEW-YORK; RISK; ASSOCIATION; CONSUMPTION;
Keywords:
diet; fat; breast neoplasms; cohort studies; pooling;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
44
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Smith-Warner, SA Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, 665 Huntington Ave, Boston, MA 02115 USA Harvard Univ 665 Huntington Ave Boston MA USA 021155 USA
Citazione:
S.A. Smith-Warner et al., "Types of dietary fat and breast cancer: A pooled analysis of cohort studies", INT J CANC, 92(5), 2001, pp. 767-774

Abstract

Recently, there has been interest in whether intakes of specific types of fat are associated with breast cancer risk independently of other types of fat, but results have been inconsistent. We identified 8 prospective studies that met predefined criteria and analyzed their primary data using a standardized approach. Holding total energy intake constant, we calculated relative risks for increments of 5% of energy for each type of fat compared with an equivalent amount of energy from carbohydrates or from other types of fat. We combined study-specific relative risks using a random effects model, In the pooled database, 7,329 incident invasive breast cancer cases occurred among 351,821 women. The pooled relative risks (95% confidence intervals [Cl]) for an increment of 5% of energy were 1.09 (1.00-1.19) for saturated, 0.93 (0.84-1.03) for monounsaturated and 1.05 (0.96-1.16) for polyunsaturated fat compared with equivalent energy intake from carbohydrates, For a 5% of energy increment, the relative risks were 1.18 (95% Cl 0.99-1.42) forsubstituting saturated for monounsaturated fat, 0.98 (95% CI 0.85-1.12) for substituting saturated for polyunsaturated fat and 0.87 (95% Cl 0.73- 1.02) for substituting monounsaturated for polyunsaturated fat, No associations were observed for animal or vegetable fat intakes. These associations were not modified by menopausal status. These data are suggestive of only a weak positive association with substitution of saturated fat for carbohydrateconsumption; none of the other types of fat examined was significantly associated with breast cancer risk relative to an equivalent reduction in carbohydrate consumption, (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

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Documento generato il 05/12/20 alle ore 20:09:38