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Titolo:
Reliability and discriminant validity of the Type I/II and Type A/B alcoholic subtype classifications in untreated problem drinkers: a test of the Apollonian-Dionysian hypothesis
Autore:
Carpenter, KM; Hasin, DS;
Indirizzi:
Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg, New York State Psychiat Inst, Dept Psychiat, New York, NY 10032 USA Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg New York NY USA 10032 w York, NY 10032 USA Columbia Univ, Joseph L Mailman Sch Publ Hlth, New York State Psychiat Inst, New York, NY 10032 USA Columbia Univ New York NY USA 10032 Psychiat Inst, New York, NY 10032 USA
Titolo Testata:
DRUG AND ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 63, anno: 2001,
pagine: 51 - 67
SICI:
0376-8716(20010601)63:1<51:RADVOT>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PLATELET MAO ACTIVITY; USE DISORDERS; DSM-IV; GENERAL-POPULATION; SUBGROUPING ALCOHOLICS; B DISTINCTION; SAMPLE; TYPOLOGY; MEN; DEPENDENCE;
Keywords:
alcoholic subtype; cluster analysis; DSM-IV alcohol dependence; Type I/II-Type A/B;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
58
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Carpenter, KM Columbia Univ Coll Phys & Surg, New York State Psychiat Inst, Dept Psychiat, 1051 Riverside Dr,Box 123, New York, NY 10032 USA ColumbiaUniv Coll Phys & Surg 1051 Riverside Dr,Box 123 New York NY USA 10032
Citazione:
K.M. Carpenter e D.S. Hasin, "Reliability and discriminant validity of the Type I/II and Type A/B alcoholic subtype classifications in untreated problem drinkers: a test of the Apollonian-Dionysian hypothesis", DRUG AL DEP, 63(1), 2001, pp. 51-67

Abstract

The present study tested the hypothesis that there are two broad groups ofproblem drinkers: the Apollonian-Dionysian distinction. Apollonian drinkers are defined by a later onset of alcohol problems, a slower developmental course, and less problem severity. Dionysian drinkers are defined by more severe alcohol problems, an earlier onset. and worse prognosis. The discriminant validity and classification agreement of five operations of the Apollonian-Dionysian model were tested in a general population (n = 8643) and community sample (n = 664). A kappa -means cluster analysis supported the Apollonian-Dionysian distinction. Dionysian problem drinkers were more likely to be males, report greater alcohol consumption, more alcohol related antisocial behavior, have a current DSM-IV alcohol dependence diagnosis. and comorbid depression. Apollonian problem drinkers were more prevalent in the general population and reported less severe drinking problems. Classification agreement was stronger for subtype models that incorporate dimensions of alcohol use and/or the frequency of negative consequences. Babor's Type A-Type B model demonstrated the strongest reliability and consistency over time. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 19/01/20 alle ore 20:08:24