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Titolo:
In vitro and in vivo kinetic interactions of the antitumour agent 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid with thalidomide and diclofenac
Autore:
Zhou, S; Paxton, JW; Kestell, P; Tingle, MD; Ching, LM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Auckland, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol & Clin Pharmacol, Auckland, New Zealand Univ Auckland Auckland New Zealand lin Pharmacol, Auckland, New Zealand Univ Auckland, Sch Med, Auckland Canc Soc Res Ctr, Auckland, New Zealand Univ Auckland Auckland New Zealand c Soc Res Ctr, Auckland, New Zealand
Titolo Testata:
CANCER CHEMOTHERAPY AND PHARMACOLOGY
fascicolo: 4, volume: 47, anno: 2001,
pagine: 319 - 326
SICI:
0344-5704(200104)47:4<319:IVAIVK>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
NECROSIS-FACTOR-ALPHA; NITRIC-OXIDE; FLAVONE-8-ACETIC ACID; ANTICANCER DRUG; PLASMA; LIVER; MICE; PHARMACOKINETICS; METABOLISM; ANALOGS;
Keywords:
DMXAA; L-thalidomide; drug interaction; glucuronidation;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
37
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Paxton, JW Univ Auckland, Sch Med, Dept Pharmacol & Clin Pharmacol, Private Bag 92019, Auckland, New Zealand Univ Auckland Private Bag 92019 Auckland New Zealand Zealand
Citazione:
S. Zhou et al., "In vitro and in vivo kinetic interactions of the antitumour agent 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid with thalidomide and diclofenac", CANC CHEMOT, 47(4), 2001, pp. 319-326

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that coadministration of (L)-thalidomide with the novel antitumour agent 5,6-dimethylxanthenone-4-acetic acid (DMXAA) results in an increased area under the plasma concentration-time curve (AUC) of DMXAA, suggesting an explanation for the observed increase in the antitumour activity. The aims of this study were to investigatethe effects of (L)-thalidomide on the in vitro metabolism of DMXAA in mouse and human liver microsomes using diclofenac as positive control, to examine the effects of (L)-thalidomide and diclofenac on the plasma protein binding of DMXAA in vitro, and to investigate whether the in vivo interactions can be predicted from in vitro data, particularly in humans. Methods: Mouseand human liver microsomes were used to investigate the effects of (L)-thalidomide and diclofenac on DMXAA metabolism. The resulting in vitro data were extrapolated to predict in vivo changes in DMXAA, which were then compared with the results of in vivo mouse pharmacokinetic interaction studies. The protein binding of DMXAA in mouse and human plasma was determined using ultrafiltration followed by HPLC. Results: Diclofenac at 100 CIM caused significant inhibition of glucuronidation (>70%) and 6-methylhydroxylation (>54%) of DMXAA in mouse and human liver microsomes. In vivo diclofenac (100 mg/kg i.p.) resulted in a 24% and 31% increase in the plasma DMXAA AUG, and a threefold increase in T-1/2 (P < 0.05) in male and female mice, respectively. In contrast, (L)-thalidomide at 100 <mu>M had no inhibitory effect on DMXAA metabolism in vitro in either species, except for a decrease of about25% in 6-methylhydroxylation in mice. (L)-Thalidomide at 500 muM resulted in further significant decreases in 6-methylhydroxylation in mice (30-60%) and human (30%) microsomes. Coadministration of (L)-thalidomide in male mice resulted in a 23% increase in DMXAA AUC and a twofold increase in T-1/2 (P < 0.05). Neither (L)-thalidomide nor diclofenac at 50 or 500 <mu>M had any significant effect on the in vitro plasma protein binding of DMXAA (500 muM) in mouse or human plasma. Based on our in vitro inhibition studies, we predicted a 20% increase in DMXAA AUC in mice with concomitant diclofenac, but little or no effect (< 5%) with (L)-thalidomide. Conclusion: Both (L)-thalidomide and diclofenac increased the plasma DMXAA AUC in mice. In the case of diclofenac, this appeared to be due to direct competitive inhibition of DMXAA metabolism, but this mechanism does not appear to be appropriate for (L)-thalidomide. From the in vitro human inhibition studies, it appears unlikely that concurrent diclofenac will cause an increase in the plasma AUC of DMXAA in patients. However, the effect of (L)-thalidomide on DMXAA could not be readily predicted from the in vitro data. Our study demonstrated that a predictive model based on direct inhibition of metabolism is appropriate for diclofenac-DMXAA interactions, but is inappropriate for the prediction of (L)-thalidomide-DMXAA interactions in mice and humans in vivo.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 02/07/20 alle ore 22:39:55