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Titolo:
Introduction - Development of draft protocols of standard reference methods for antimicrobial agent susceptibility testing of bacteria associated with fish diseases
Autore:
Alderman, DJ; Smith, P;
Indirizzi:
CEFAS Weymouth Lab, Weymouth DT4 BUB, Dorset, England CEFAS Weymouth Lab Weymouth Dorset England DT4 BUB 4 BUB, Dorset, England Natl Univ Ireland Univ Coll Galway, Dept Microbiol, Fish Dis Grp, Galway, Ireland Natl Univ Ireland Univ Coll Galway Galway Ireland Grp, Galway, Ireland
Titolo Testata:
AQUACULTURE
fascicolo: 3-4, volume: 196, anno: 2001,
pagine: 211 - 243
SICI:
0044-8486(20010515)196:3-4<211:I-DODP>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Keywords:
standard reference method; antimicrobial agent susceptibility test; bacteria; fish disease;
Tipo documento:
Editorial Material
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
1
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Alderman, DJ CEFAS Weymouth Lab, Weymouth DT4 BUB, Dorset, England CEFAS Weymouth Lab Weymouth Dorset England DT4 BUB , England
Citazione:
D.J. Alderman e P. Smith, "Introduction - Development of draft protocols of standard reference methods for antimicrobial agent susceptibility testing of bacteria associated with fish diseases", AQUACULTURE, 196(3-4), 2001, pp. 211-243

Abstract

The following draft protocols were developed during a workshop funded by the European Union as a Concerted Action by DG XIV under the FAIR programme-FAIR CT 97-3760, Members of the workshop are given below and all are joint authors of the draft protocols presented here. The intention of the workshop was to bring together representatives of the major European Community laboratories (plus a limited number from outside Europe) working on aspects ofthe use of chemotherapeutants, particularly upon antibiotics and the problem of drug resistance in aquaculture. The primary theme of the Workshop wasto enable these experts to re-examine these problems and, in particular, to discuss and gain agreement on recommendations for uniform methods for determining minimum inhibitory concentrations for the most important antimicrobials against the most important fish pathogens. The ultimate objective of this Workshop was to produce a set of recommendations on methods of determining MICs of major bacterial fish pathogens and in particular to reach agreement on the interpretation of such results in terms of resistance and sensitivity of these organisms to the major authorised aquaculture medicines. As part establishing the parameters of the workshop, some members of the workshop produced briefing reviews of the major problem areas associated with antibiotic sensitivity testing. These papers are presented here, following the draft methods developed in the workshop. Aquaculture is subject to a range of widespread bacterial diseases, which reduce its efficiency. Some of these diseases can be controlled by effective vaccines, but under the multiple stresses of intensive aquaculture, this protection can break down. Under these circumstances and for many of those pathogens for which vaccines are not yet available, chemotherapy remains anessential aid to reduce losses and improve animal welfare. Within the Community (and indeed outside it) the range of authorised antimicrobials which are available for aquaculture use is very limited, and withtightening of the controls on the use of veterinary medicines and on the presence of residues in fish tissues, this range is unlikely to increase significantly. This means that we need to ensure that what is available is used most efficiently to reduce the selection pressure for drug resistance. Published by Elsevier Science B.V.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 01/12/20 alle ore 10:36:19