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Titolo:
Environmental evaluation of introducing electric vehicles using a dynamic traffic-flow model
Autore:
Kudoh, Y; Ishitani, H; Matsuhashi, R; Yoshida, Y; Morita, K; Katsuki, S; Kobayashi, O;
Indirizzi:
Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Engn, Dept Geosyst Engn, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo 1138656, Japan Univ Tokyo Tokyo Japan 1138656 yst Engn, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo 1138656, Japan
Titolo Testata:
APPLIED ENERGY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 69, anno: 2001,
pagine: 145 - 159
SICI:
0306-2619(200106)69:2<145:EEOIEV>2.0.ZU;2-#
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
13
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Kudoh, Y Univ Tokyo, Grad Sch Engn, Dept Geosyst Engn, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1138656, Japan Univ Tokyo 7-3-1 Hongo Tokyo Japan 1138656 Tokyo 1138656, Japan
Citazione:
Y. Kudoh et al., "Environmental evaluation of introducing electric vehicles using a dynamic traffic-flow model", APPL ENERG, 69(2), 2001, pp. 145-159

Abstract

A dynamic traffic-flow model (DTFM) is used in this study to evaluate the effectiveness of introducing electric vehicles (ET's) into the total traffic system as one of the alternative fuel vehicles. This model simulates congested and non-congested traffic flow caused by changes in the traffic demand. An environmental evaluation is carried out on the basis that all vehicles are substituted for EVs. Calculated results indicate that by introducing EVs, the NOx, emissions and the CO2 emissions can be reduced by approximately 25.7 and 14.4% respectively. If battery performance of EVs is improved further, emissions can be further reduced by 39.6% (NOx) and 27.8% (CO2). Since emissions from heavy-duty vehicles are greater than other vehicles, thefollowing measures have to be taken for these vehicles to significantly improve their impact upon the overall environment: (1) improvement in fuel efficiency and reductions of NOx in exhaust gas, (2) traffic demand management, such as modal shift. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 16/07/20 alle ore 18:57:04