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Titolo:
Estimating the minimum number of skeletal elements (MNE) in zooarchaeology: A review and a new image-analysis GIS approach
Autore:
Marean, CW; Abe, Y; Nilssen, PJ; Stone, EC;
Indirizzi:
SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Anthropol, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook Stony Brook NY USA 11794 opol, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook, Interdepartmental Doctoral Program Anthropol Sci, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook Stony Brook NY USA 11794 Sci, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA S African Museum, Dept Archaeol, ZA-8000 Cape Town, South Africa S AfricanMuseum Cape Town South Africa ZA-8000 Cape Town, South Africa SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Anthropol, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook Stony Brook NY USA 11794 opol, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN ANTIQUITY
fascicolo: 2, volume: 66, anno: 2001,
pagine: 333 - 348
SICI:
0002-7316(200104)66:2<333:ETMNOS>2.0.ZU;2-1
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EARLY-MODERN HUMANS; BONE FRAGMENTATION; OLDUVAI-GORGE; SOUTH-AFRICA; KOBEH CAVE; NEANDERTHALS; REPRESENTATION; TANZANIA; BEHAVIOR; REMAINS;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Arts & Humanities
Citazioni:
38
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Marean, CW SUNY Stony Brook, Dept Anthropol, Stony Brook, NY 11794 USA SUNY Stony Brook Stony Brook NY USA 11794 Brook, NY 11794 USA
Citazione:
C.W. Marean et al., "Estimating the minimum number of skeletal elements (MNE) in zooarchaeology: A review and a new image-analysis GIS approach", AM ANTIQUIT, 66(2), 2001, pp. 333-348

Abstract

Most zooarchaeologists employ some type of derived measure of skeletal element abundance in their analyses of faunal data. The minimum number of individuals (MNI) and the minimum number of animal units (MAU) are two of the most popular derived measurements, and each is based on a prior estimate of the the minimum number of elements (MNE). Thus, the estimate of MNE from fragmented faunal fragments is the essential foundation for all inferences emanating from MNI and MAU estimates of skeletal element abundance. Estimating the MNE represented by a sample of faunal fragments is a complicated procedure that involves various assumptions, possible mathematical manipulations, and subjectivity. Unfortunately, the reasoning and methods underlying this procedure are unstandardized in zooarchaeology, and even worse, rarely made explicit. We review the scarce literature on this topic and identify two different approaches: the fraction summation approach and the overlap approach. We identify strengths and weaknesses in both approaches. We then present a new method that is based on using image-analysis GIS software to count overlapping fragments that have bee,l converted to pixel images. This method maintains the strengths of the other methods while overcoming most of their weaknesses. It promises numerous powerful analytical capabilities that go far beyond the routines available in spreadsheets and databases. It also offers nearly boundless flexibility in database recoding and extremely complete information storage. Perhaps its greatest strength is that it is based on very intuitive reasoning.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 27/11/20 alle ore 10:44:12