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Titolo:
What makes treatments work towards a new paradigm beyond behavioural and cognitive therapy
Autore:
Marks, I;
Indirizzi:
Inst Psychiat, London SE5 8AF, England Inst Psychiat London England SE5 8AF t Psychiat, London SE5 8AF, England
Titolo Testata:
VERHALTENSTHERAPIE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 11, anno: 2001,
pagine: 64 - 69
SICI:
1016-6262(200103)11:1<64:WMTWTA>2.0.ZU;2-2
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
GER
Soggetto:
FEAR;
Keywords:
cognitive therapy; outcome research; process research; anxiety disorders; depression; exposure;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
3
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Marks, I Inst Psychiat, De Crespigny Pk, Denmark Hill, London SE5 8AF, England Inst Psychiat De Crespigny Pk, Denmark Hill London England SE5 8AF
Citazione:
I. Marks, "What makes treatments work towards a new paradigm beyond behavioural and cognitive therapy", VERHALTENST, 11(1), 2001, pp. 64-69

Abstract

Background: Most psychotherapies that reduced anxiety disorders reliably in randomised controlled trials (RTCs) shared an element of habituation by systematic exposure. Recent work, however, suggests that exposure may not benecessary as well as sufficient to reduce fear. Results: In recent RTCs several psychotherapeutic approaches improved anxiety disorders without exposure: cognitive therapy without exposure in the form of behavioural experiments, muscle tensing, and problem-solving. Mindful meditation may be anotherway to reduce fear. There may be no single common path to fear-reduction. Certain therapy ingredients might act on specific emotional components withparticular rippling effects on other loosely-liked components in fear networks. Conclusions: There may be one or several paths to fear-reduction, some of which may be one-way and others two-way. It is not yet known which mechanisms converge on common end paths of action and which act on unique routes, which act alone and which as cofactors. Particular experiments could help map the terrain further, and work is needed to evolve a widely agreed glossary of fear-reducing procedures.

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Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 02:13:22