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Titolo:
The contribution of temperament, childhood neglect, and abuse to the development of personality dysfunction: A comparison of three models
Autore:
Carter, JD; Joyce, PR; Mulder, RT; Luty, SE;
Indirizzi:
Christchurch Sch Med, Dept Psychol Med, Christchurch, New Zealand Christchurch Sch Med Christchurch New Zealand Christchurch, New Zealand
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY DISORDERS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 15, anno: 2001,
pagine: 123 - 135
SICI:
0885-579X(200104)15:2<123:TCOTCN>2.0.ZU;2-C
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PARENTAL BONDING INSTRUMENT; DEPRESSED-PATIENTS; EGO MECHANISMS; PSYCHOPATHOLOGY; CHARACTER; DEFENSE; REPRESENTATIONS; PERCEPTIONS; DISORDER;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
34
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Carter, JD Christchurch Sch Med, Dept Psychol Med, POB 4345, Christchurch,New Zealand Christchurch Sch Med POB 4345 Christchurch New Zealand ealand
Citazione:
J.D. Carter et al., "The contribution of temperament, childhood neglect, and abuse to the development of personality dysfunction: A comparison of three models", J PERS DIS, 15(2), 2001, pp. 123-135

Abstract

We examined the contribution of temperament, childhood neglect, and abuse to the development of personality dysfunction as postulated in three different but correlated models of personality: the psychobiological, Vaillant's psychoanalytic, and DSM psychopathology models. Character, defense style, and personality disorder symptomatology (the dependent variables), and temperament, childhood neglect, and abuse (the independent variables) were assessed in 168 depressed outpatients. High harm avoidance (temperament) tended to be the strongest and most consistent risk factor across the three models. Deficient parental care predicted personality dysfunction, however low care was not consistently predictive across all three models. Emotional/psychological abuse and actual physical abuse were risk factors for increasing personality disorder symptomatology only. Childhood sexual abuse was not as predictive of personality dysfunction as might be expected, thereby raisingquestions as to the importance placed on child sexual abuse as a general risk factor for personality psychopathology.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 28/01/20 alle ore 21:02:24