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Titolo:
Modelling strategies for reducing pharmaceutical costs in hospital
Autore:
MacIntyre, CR; Sindhusake, D; Rubin, G;
Indirizzi:
Westmead Hosp, Dept Publ Hlth & Community Med, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia Westmead Hosp Westmead NSW Australia 2145 , Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia
Titolo Testata:
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL FOR QUALITY IN HEALTH CARE
fascicolo: 1, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 63 - 69
SICI:
1353-4505(200102)13:1<63:MSFRPC>2.0.ZU;2-W
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DECISION-SUPPORT SYSTEM; PRACTICE GUIDELINES; DRUG COST; CARE; MANAGEMENT; PHYSICIANS; IMPACT; TUBERCULOSIS; CONTAINMENT; VICTORIA;
Keywords:
cost; drugs; hospital; utilization;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
52
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: MacIntyre, CR Childrens Hosp, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia Childrens Hosp Westmead NSW Australia 2145 2145, Australia
Citazione:
C.R. MacIntyre et al., "Modelling strategies for reducing pharmaceutical costs in hospital", INT J QUAL, 13(1), 2001, pp. 63-69

Abstract

Objective. To describe drug utilization and cost in a large hospital and to compare the impact of different strategies on cost associated with drug prescribing. Design. Retrospective data on drug utilization and cost, linked to patientclinical data and prescriber data from November 1998 were analyzed and modelled. Main outcome measures. Impact of different strategies for cost control. Setting. A large hospital in Sydney, Australia. Results. The mean cost of drugs per episode of care was $28 Australian dollars ($). Of all drug costs, 79% was incurred by medical units and 14% by surgical units. Oncology accounted for 42% and inpatients for 91% of drug costs. Although section-100 (S-100) drugs incurred a high cost ($640) per episode of care, there were only 41 episodes where S-100 drugs (expensive, restricted drugs) were used, and the total cost of S-100 drugs was only 3.7% of the total cost to the hospital. Antibiotics were the most commonly prescribed drug category, prescribed in 14% of all hospital episodes, and accounting for 14% of total drug costs. Anti-ulcer drugs were the next most costlygroup, accounting for 7% of total drug costs. Ao 20% reduction in use of antibiotics would save four times that ($233 832 pa) of a 20% reduction in use of S-100 drugs ($61392 pa). Discussion. Our study suggests that reducing inappropriate use of high volume drugs such as antibiotics could be more effective in optimising health facility drug budgets than attempts concentrating solely on reducing use ofhigh cost drugs alone. Moreover our study suggests that systematic measurement of drug utilisation patterns is a key element of drug cost control strategies.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 05:47:09