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Titolo:
The many faces of ecstasy
Autore:
Doyon, S;
Indirizzi:
Maryland Poison Control Ctr, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Maryland Poison Control Ctr Baltimore MD USA 21201 altimore, MD 21201 USA
Titolo Testata:
CURRENT OPINION IN PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 2, volume: 13, anno: 2001,
pagine: 170 - 176
SICI:
1040-8703(200104)13:2<170:TMFOE>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
GAMMA-HYDROXYBUTYRIC ACID; MDMA ECSTASY; OVERDOSE; INTOXICATION; INGESTION; BRAIN; DRUG; TALE;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
27
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Doyon, S Maryland Poison Control Ctr, 20 N Pine St, Baltimore, MD 21201 USA Maryland Poison Control Ctr 20 N Pine St Baltimore MD USA 21201 A
Citazione:
S. Doyon, "The many faces of ecstasy", CURR OP PED, 13(2), 2001, pp. 170-176

Abstract

References to the word ecstasy in popular culture can mean different things to different individuals. The most common form of ecstasy (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [MDMA]), is an amphetamine with some hallucinogenic properties at high doses. It is directly neurotoxic to the human brain and hasbeen linked to a number of deaths worldwide. Deaths result from hyperthermia, hyponatremia, or cerebral edema. A naturally occurring metabolite of gamma-aminobutyric acid, gammahydroxybutyrate (GHB) is a potent central nervous system depressant. Although GHB is a Schedule I drug, analogs remain widely available for consumption. Acute intoxication with GHB or its analogs leads to coma and respiratory depression. Chronic use of GHB or its analogs is associated with a withdrawal syndrome characterized by autonomic excitation. Herbal ecstasy refers to ephedrine-containing preparations. Acute and chronic overdoses of herbal ecstasy have been linked to hypertension, tachydysrythmias, myocardial infarctions, cerebrovascular accidents. and deaths. There is no regulation of the ephedrine content of available herbal ecstasy products. (C) 2001 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 01:02:45