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Titolo:
Beneficial health effects of low-digestible carbohydrate consumption
Autore:
Scheppach, W; Luehrs, H; Menzel, T;
Indirizzi:
Univ Wurzburg, Dept Med, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 pt Med, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION
, volume: 85, anno: 2001, supplemento:, 1
pagine: S23 - S30
SICI:
0007-1145(200103)85:<S23:BHEOLC>2.0.ZU;2-J
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
CHAIN FATTY-ACIDS; COLONIC EPITHELIAL-CELLS; PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL; CORONARY HEART-DISEASE; DIETARY FIBER; DIVERTICULAR-DISEASE; SODIUM-BUTYRATE; BACTERIAL TRANSLOCATION; ULCERATIVE-COLITIS; COLORECTAL-CANCER;
Keywords:
low-digestible carbohydrates; dietary fibre; non-starch polysaccharides; short-chain fatty acids; total parenteral nutrition; colorectal cancer;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
84
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Scheppach, W Univ Wurzburg, Dept Med, D-97080 Wurzburg, Germany Univ Wurzburg Wurzburg Germany D-97080 80 Wurzburg, Germany
Citazione:
W. Scheppach et al., "Beneficial health effects of low-digestible carbohydrate consumption", BR J NUTR, 85, 2001, pp. S23-S30

Abstract

Low-digestible carbohydrates represent a class of enzyme-resistant saccharides that have specific effects on the human gastrointestinal tract. In thesmall bowel, they affect nutrient digestion and absorption, glucose and lipid metabolism and protect against known risk factors of cardiovascular disease. In the colon they are mainly degraded by anaerobic bacteria in a process called fermentation. As a consequence, faecal nitrogen excretion is enhanced, which is used clinically to prevent or treat hepatic encephalopathy. Low-digestible carbohydrates are trophic to the epithelia of the ileum andcolon, which helps to avoid bacterial translocation. Short-chain fatty acids are important fermentation products and are evaluated as new therapeutics in acute colitis. They are considered in the primary prevention of colorectal cancer. The bifidogenic effect of fructo-oligosaccharides merits further attention. Unfermented carbohydrates increase faecal bulk and play a role in the treatment of chronic functional constipation, symptomatic diverticulosis and, possibly, the irritable bowel syndrome. In conclusion, low-digestible carbohydrates may play a role in the maintenance of human digestive health. However, the strength of evidence differs between disease entities.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 04/04/20 alle ore 21:51:20