Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Validity of generic risk factors and the strain index for predicting nontraumatic distal upper extremity morbidity
Autore:
Moore, JS; Rucker, NP; Knox, K;
Indirizzi:
Texas A&M Univ, Coll Engn, Zachry Engn Ctr 130B, College Stn, TX 77843 USATexas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 r 130B, College Stn, TX 77843 USA
Titolo Testata:
AIHAJ
fascicolo: 2, volume: 62, anno: 2001,
pagine: 229 - 235
SICI:
1529-8663(200103/04)62:2<229:VOGRFA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
TRAUMA DISORDERS;
Keywords:
generic risk factors; musculoskeletal exposure assessment; musculoskeletal risk assessment; predictive validity; strain index;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Citazioni:
15
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Moore, JS Texas A&M Univ, Coll Engn, Zachry Engn Ctr 130B, College Stn, TX77843 USA Texas A&M Univ College Stn TX USA 77843 llege Stn, TX 77843 USA
Citazione:
J.S. Moore et al., "Validity of generic risk factors and the strain index for predicting nontraumatic distal upper extremity morbidity", AIHAJ, 62(2), 2001, pp. 229-235

Abstract

Nine individual generic risk factors, eight combinations of generic risk factors, the presence of any generic risk factor, and the Strain Index were evaluated for 56 jobs by 2 evaluators blinded to morbidity measures. Jobs then were assigned to dichotomous hazard classifications (problem versus safe) according to recommendations from the literature. OSHA 200 lags were used to ascertain historical evidence of distal upper extremity (DUE) morbidity, and jobs were assigned to a dichotomous morbidity classification (positive Versus negative) using none Versus one or more recorded cases as the criterion. Evidence of association and measures of predictive validity were evaluated by comparing hazard and morbidity classifications using 2 x 2 contingency tables. Five individual generic risk factors, three generic risk factor combinations, and the presence of any generic risk factor were not associated with morbidity classification. The odds ratio estimates among the four individual generic risk factors and the five combinations of generic risk factors associated with DUE morbidity Varied from 3.3-36.0. The Strain Index had the largest estimated odds ratio of any exposure factor at 108.3. The exposure methods were grouped according to patterns of predictive validity, With one exception, the individual generic risk factors and their combinations had high sensitivity with low specificity (many false-positives), low sensitivity with high specificity (many false-negatives), or low sensitivity with low specificity. The only generic risk factor that demonstrated reasonable predictive validity was the use of gloves-its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were equal to 0.75. The Strain Index performed better than any of the individual or combinations of generic risk factors. Its sensitivity. specificity positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were all approximately 0.90.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 30/10/20 alle ore 01:13:39