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Titolo:
Cannabis use and dependence among Australian adults: results from the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing
Autore:
Swift, W; Hall, W; Teesson, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ New S Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, AustraliaUniv New S Wales Sydney NSW Australia 2052 r, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
Titolo Testata:
ADDICTION
fascicolo: 5, volume: 96, anno: 2001,
pagine: 737 - 748
SICI:
0965-2140(200105)96:5<737:CUADAA>2.0.ZU;2-M
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ALCOHOL DEPENDENCE; COMORBIDITY-SURVEY; DRUG-USE; PSYCHIATRIC-DISORDERS; 12-MONTH PREVALENCE; UNITED-STATES; POPULATION; PERSONALITY; NICOTINE; LIFETIME;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Swift, W Univ New S Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia Univ New S Wales Sydney NSW Australia 2052 , NSW 2052, Australia
Citazione:
W. Swift et al., "Cannabis use and dependence among Australian adults: results from the National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing", ADDICTION, 96(5), 2001, pp. 737-748

Abstract

Aims. To examine: (i) the prevalence of cannabis use and DSM-IV cannabis dependence among Australian adults, and (ii) correlates of level of cannabisinvolvement. Design. Cross-sectional survey assessing substance use and DSM-IV substance use disorders (abuse and dependence). Setting and participants. A household survey of a nationally representative sample of 10 641 Australians aged 18 years and older. Measurements. Trained interviewers administered a structured, modified version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI). Findings. In the past 12 months, 2.2% (95% CI: 1.8, 2.6) of adults were diagnosed with DSM-IV cannabis use disorder, comprising cannabis dependence (1.5%; 95% CI: 1.2, 1.8) and cannabis abuse (0.7%, 95% CI: 0.6, 0.8). Almost one-third of cannabis users (31.7%; 95% CI: 27.7, 35.7) met criteria for cannabis dependence (21%; 95% CI: 16.7, 25.3) and abuse(10.7%; 95% CI: 8.0, 13.4). Multinomial logistic regression revealed that compared to non-dependent cannabis users, non-users were more likely to be female, aged 25 + years, out of the labour force and married/de facto, and displayed lower levels of co-morbidity. In contrast, dependent cannabis users were more likely to be 18-24 years old, unemployed, and displayed higherlevels of co-morbidity than non-dependent users. Conclusions. Cannabis usedisorders affect approximately 300 000 Australian adults. A better understanding of the factors associated with cannabis dependence may help identifygroups who have difficulties controlling use and aid the development of strategies for reducing cannabis-related harm.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 26/01/20 alle ore 10:26:26