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Titolo:
A population-based study of crashes involving 16-and 17-year-old drivers: The potential benefit of graduated driver licensing restrictions
Autore:
Cvijanovich, NZ; Cook, LJ; Mann, NC; Dean, JM;
Indirizzi:
Univ Utah, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Intermt Injury Control Res Ctr, Salt LakeCity, UT 84112 USA Univ Utah Salt Lake City UT USA 84112 es Ctr, Salt LakeCity, UT 84112 USA
Titolo Testata:
PEDIATRICS
fascicolo: 4, volume: 107, anno: 2001,
pagine: 632 - 637
SICI:
0031-4005(200104)107:4<632:APSOCI>2.0.ZU;2-6
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
YOUNG DRIVERS; RISK-TAKING; ACCIDENT INVOLVEMENT; PASSENGERS; AGE; STATES; RATES;
Keywords:
teenaged drivers; graduated driver licensing; provisional licensing; probabilistic linkage;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
28
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cvijanovich, NZ Univ Utah, Sch Med, Dept Pediat, Intermt Injury Control Res Ctr, 410 Chipeta Way,Suite 222, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA Univ Utah 410 Chipeta Way,Suite 222 Salt Lake City UT USA 84112
Citazione:
N.Z. Cvijanovich et al., "A population-based study of crashes involving 16-and 17-year-old drivers: The potential benefit of graduated driver licensing restrictions", PEDIATRICS, 107(4), 2001, pp. 632-637

Abstract

Objective. To evaluate the potential effectiveness of graduated driver licensing programs using population-based linked data for motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) that involved teenaged drivers (TDs). Methods. Utah crash, inpatient hospital discharge, and emergency department databases were analyzed and probabilistically linked. We computed hospital charges and compared violations, contributing factors, seatbelt use, and passengers for TDs (16-17 years old) relative to adult drivers (18-59 yearsold). Results. TDs comprised 5.8% of the study population, but were involved in 19.0% of MVCs. TD crashes resulted in $11 million in inpatient hospital charges and 158 fatalities. TD crashes were 1.70 times (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.34, 2.04) less likely to result in fatal injury to drivers than were crashes that involved adult drivers, but TDs were 2.20 times (95% CI: 1.96, 2.47) more likely to receive citations. The following were findings ofthe study: 1) 11% of all TD crashes but 19% of fatal TD crashes occurred between 2200 and 0600 hours; 2) TDs used seatbelts less often than did adultdrivers (79.1% vs 84.4%) and less often with passengers present (81.9% vs 75.0%; 3) TDs were 1.72 times (95% CI: 1.38, 2.14) more likely to be involved in crashes that resulted in seriously or fatally injured occupants when driving with passengers than when driving alone. Conclusions. TDs are overrepresented in MVCs. TD crashes have a higher fatality rate at night, and TDs wear seatbelts less often than do adult drivers. Passengers affect TD crash characteristics. Graduated driver licensing programs that target state-specific characteristics of TDs may decrease morbidity and mortality.

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Documento generato il 28/11/20 alle ore 18:51:20