Catalogo Articoli (Spogli Riviste)

OPAC HELP

Titolo:
Coping strategies in the self-management of chronic heart failure
Autore:
Buetow, S; Goodyear-Smith, F; Coster, G;
Indirizzi:
Univ Auckland, Dept Gen Practice & Primary Hlth Care, Auckland 1, New Zealand Univ Auckland Auckland New Zealand 1 Hlth Care, Auckland 1, New Zealand
Titolo Testata:
FAMILY PRACTICE
fascicolo: 2, volume: 18, anno: 2001,
pagine: 117 - 122
SICI:
0263-2136(200104)18:2<117:CSITSO>2.0.ZU;2-D
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
ILLNESS; HEALTH; HOPE;
Keywords:
coping; denial; disavowal; heart failure;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
25
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Buetow, S Univ Auckland, Dept Gen Practice & Primary Hlth Care, POB 90 019, Auckland1, New Zealand Univ Auckland POB 90 019 Auckland New Zealand 1 d1, New Zealand
Citazione:
S. Buetow et al., "Coping strategies in the self-management of chronic heart failure", FAM PRACT, 18(2), 2001, pp. 117-122

Abstract

Background. A patient's psychological adaptation to heart failure can influence its impact on his or her life. However, attempts to understand how patients cope mentally with severe emotional strain have led to inconsistent use of a plethora of concepts, making communication and clinical care difficult. Objectives. The aim of the present study was to develop a framework for conceptualizing how patients with chronic heart failure cope mentally with their illness, and then use the framework to suggest how GPs can facilitate patient self-care. Methods. We systematically reduced and reassembled the narrative texts of personal, semistructured interviews until their interpretation was complete. The interviews were conducted during late 1999 with 62 heart failure patients under GP care in 30 practices across central Auckland, New Zealand. Results. Our framework describes four coping strategies: avoidance, disavowal, denial and acceptance. Disavowal provides a distinct coping strategy through which patients, who basically understand the threat to their life situations, seek hope through positively reconstructing this threat. Use of this strategy was highly salient regardless of patients' age, the length of time since their recorded diagnosis or the degree of self-reported limitation of recent physical function due to heart failure. Only over age 70 were avoidance and acceptance also highly salient among patients whose heart failure was diagnosed at least 3 years previously and had mildly limited theirrecent physical function. Conclusion. Many different heart failure patients use disavowal to palliate the emotional strain and find hope. Disavowal is not a problem to deal with but a process GPs can facilitate by implementing a range of suggested strategies through methods such as story telling.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 18/01/20 alle ore 21:36:03