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Titolo:
Visual P3 in female alcoholics
Autore:
Prabhu, VR; Porjesz, B; Chorlian, DB; Wang, KM; Stimus, A; Begleiter, H;
Indirizzi:
SUNY Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Psychiat, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA SUNY Hlth Sci Ctr Brooklyn NY USA 11203 Psychiat, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA
Titolo Testata:
ALCOHOLISM-CLINICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 25, anno: 2001,
pagine: 531 - 539
SICI:
0145-6008(200104)25:4<531:VPIFA>2.0.ZU;2-V
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS; NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TEST-PERFORMANCE; POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY; AUDITORY ODDBALL; FAMILY HISTORY; ABSTINENT ALCOHOLICS; BRAIN POTENTIALS; DENSITY FAMILIES; TARGET DETECTION; SEX-DIFFERENCES;
Keywords:
ERP; P300; alcoholics; source localization; LORETA;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
59
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Porjesz, B SUNY Hlth Sci Ctr, Dept Psychiat, 450 Clarkson Ave,Box 1203, Brooklyn, NY 11203 USA SUNY Hlth Sci Ctr 450 Clarkson Ave,Box 1203 Brooklyn NY USA 11203
Citazione:
V.R. Prabhu et al., "Visual P3 in female alcoholics", ALC CLIN EX, 25(4), 2001, pp. 531-539

Abstract

Background: The P300 (P3) component of the event related potential has been established as a sensitive risk marker of vulnerability to alcoholism. Most alcoholism studies have focused on men; recent studies indicate that women are equally vulnerable to developing alcoholism. Methods: Visual P3 recorded from 31 electrode positions was evaluated in 44 alcoholic and 60 control women, 24-50 years of age. P3 amplitudes and latencies of the two groups were statistically compared using Analysis of Variance; source localization of surface amplitude values from each group were plotted using a low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography. Results: The results indicated that alcoholic women had significantly smaller P3 amplitudes in the frontal and central regions compared with controls. Source localization showed lowered activation in alcoholic women in rightdorso-lateral prefrontal cortex and the ventro-medial fronto-central regions. Conclusions: The results suggest that P3 is an equally sensitive endophenotypic marker of vulnerability to alcoholism in women. The findings are discussed in terms of functional and physiologic significance of the P3 amplitude in alcoholic women and its relationship to drinking behaviors.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 29/03/20 alle ore 18:20:48