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Titolo:
Social functioning, psychopathology, and medication side effects in relation to substance use and abuse in schizophrenia
Autore:
Salyers, MP; Mueser, KT;
Indirizzi:
Indiana Univ Purdue Univ, Dept Psychol, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA IndianaUniv Purdue Univ Indianapolis IN USA 46202 anapolis, IN 46202 USA New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiat Res Ctr, Dartmouth Med Sch, Dept Psychiat, Hanover, NH USA New Hampshire Dartmouth Psychiat Res Ctr Hanover NH USA Hanover, NH USA
Titolo Testata:
SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 48, anno: 2001,
pagine: 109 - 123
SICI:
0920-9964(20010301)48:1<109:SFPAMS>2.0.ZU;2-T
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SEVERE MENTAL-ILLNESS; DRUG-ABUSE; NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS; TARDIVE-DYSKINESIA; RISK-FACTORS; ALCOHOL-USE; COCAINE; SCALE; HOMELESSNESS; COMORBIDITY;
Keywords:
alcohol use; drug use; medication side effects; psychopathology; schizophrenia; social functioning; substance abuse;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
56
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Salyers, MP Indiana Univ Purdue Univ, Dept Psychol, LD 124,402 N BlackfordSt, Indianapolis, IN 46202 USA Indiana Univ Purdue Univ LD 124,402 N Blackford St Indianapolis IN USA 46202
Citazione:
M.P. Salyers e K.T. Mueser, "Social functioning, psychopathology, and medication side effects in relation to substance use and abuse in schizophrenia", SCHIZOPHR R, 48(1), 2001, pp. 109-123

Abstract

Objective: To identify correlates of self-reported substance use and problems associated with that use in people with schizophrenia. Methods: A sample of 404 patients with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, or schizophreniform disorder and longitudinal assessments of substance use were examined. Three groups were formed according to consistency of substance use overtime: No/Low Alcohol, Alcohol Only, and Drug Use (with or without alcohol use). Similar groups were formed regarding problems associated with alcoholuse. Groups were compared on demographics, psychiatric history, psychopathology, medication side effects, and social functioning. Results: Substance users were more likely to be young, male, and to have lower levels of education. Substance users generally had fewer negative symptoms, more social contacts, and better social-leisure functioning. However, substance users, especially drug users, also were rated as having mon interpersonal and familyproblems, had an earlier age at first psychiatric hospitalization, and were more likely to have been recently hospitalized. Patients reporting problems with alcohol use reported more frequent alcohol and drug use, greater severity of akathisia, and problems in interpersonal, family, and self-efficacy domains. Conclusions: Many of the same variables that correlate with substance use disorder also correlated with moderate substance use in this sample of people with schizophrenia. Although moderate users of alcohol and drugs may have better social functioning in some areas, they also are likely to have substantial problems in interpersonal relationships, especially those involving family members. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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Documento generato il 27/01/20 alle ore 14:01:59