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Titolo:
Substance abuse in schizophrenia: a review of the literature and a study of correlates in Sweden
Autore:
Cantor-Graae, E; Nordstrom, LG; McNeil, TF;
Indirizzi:
Univ Lund, Dept Community Med, Malmo Univ Hosp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden UnivLund Malmo Sweden S-20502 d, Malmo Univ Hosp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden Univ Lund, Dept Psychiat, Malmo Univ Hosp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden Univ Lund Malmo Sweden S-20502 t, Malmo Univ Hosp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden
Titolo Testata:
SCHIZOPHRENIA RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 48, anno: 2001,
pagine: 69 - 82
SICI:
0920-9964(20010301)48:1<69:SAISAR>2.0.ZU;2-7
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
DRUG-ABUSE; PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS; SUICIDAL IDEATION; DUAL DIAGNOSIS; CANNABIS ABUSE; ALCOHOL-ABUSE; USE DISORDERS; PREVALENCE; ONSET; COMORBIDITY;
Keywords:
alcohol; dual diagnosis; prevalence; schizophrenia; substance abuse;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
83
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Cantor-Graae, E Univ Lund, Dept Community Med, Malmo Univ Hosp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden Univ Lund Malmo Sweden S-20502 sp, S-20502 Malmo, Sweden
Citazione:
E. Cantor-Graae et al., "Substance abuse in schizophrenia: a review of the literature and a study of correlates in Sweden", SCHIZOPHR R, 48(1), 2001, pp. 69-82

Abstract

The purpose of the current study is twofold. (a) to provide an overall synthesis of recent research on substance abuse in schizophrenia and (b) to present findings in a Swedish patient sample. Studies conducted since 1990 have found a wide range of abuse prevalence rates, with male gender and younger age as primary correlates. Less certainty exists regarding substance abuse as an independent risk factor for schizophrenia and its further impact on illness course. In a sample of 87 patients attending a psychiatric clinicin Malmo, lifetime prevalence of substance abuse was 48.3%, with abuse debut primarily preceding first contact for psychotic symptoms. Significant correlates of abuse were male gender, family history of substance abuse, and increased rates of hospitalization and criminality, with poorer outcome found in previous as well as current abusers. Alcohol abuse, either solely or in combination with other substances, was the main type of substance abuse. Although the specific factors (social, behavioural, genetic) that predispose schizophrenic patients to substance abuse remain unclear, the predominantly male profile of abusers might suggest a link between substance abuse and the poorer clinical outcome frequently observed, especially in male schizophrenic patients. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science B.V, All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 25/01/20 alle ore 15:46:25