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Titolo:
Wave and place fixed DPOAE maps of the human ear
Autore:
Knight, RD; Kemp, DT;
Indirizzi:
Univ Coll London, Inst Laryngol & Otol, Auditory Biophys Grp, London WC1X 8EE, England Univ Coll London London England WC1X 8EE s Grp, London WC1X 8EE, England
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF THE ACOUSTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA
fascicolo: 4, volume: 109, anno: 2001,
pagine: 1513 - 1525
SICI:
0001-4966(200104)109:4<1513:WAPFDM>2.0.ZU;2-P
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
PRODUCT OTOACOUSTIC EMISSIONS; ACOUSTIC DISTORTION PRODUCTS; FINE-STRUCTURE; BASILAR-MEMBRANE; SUPPRESSION; MODEL; 2F(1)-F(2); AMPLITUDE; ORIGIN; RATIO;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Life Sciences
Engineering, Computing & Technology
Citazioni:
39
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Knight, RD Univ Coll London, Inst Laryngol & Otol, Auditory Biophys Grp, 330-332 Grays Inn Rd, London WC1X 8EE, England Univ Coll London 330-332 Grays Inn Rd London England WC1X 8EE
Citazione:
R.D. Knight e D.T. Kemp, "Wave and place fixed DPOAE maps of the human ear", J ACOUST SO, 109(4), 2001, pp. 1513-1525

Abstract

Human intermodulation distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAE) canbe a mixture of low and high latency components. They have different level, phase, and suppression characteristics, which indicate that emissions arise both from the frequency region of the primary tones directly and indirectly via the DP frequency place. Which component dominates the measured DPOAE in the ear canal depends on the stimulus parameters, especially the frequency ratio, f(2)/f(1) Interference between the two emissions adds complexity to measurements of DPOAE. The behavior and even existence of whichever emission route is lower in level often cannot directly be deduced from the raw DPOAE data because the other emission covers it. It is therefore not known whether both emissions are present for all stimulus parameters or whetherthe trends seen in each emission when they are the dominant emission routecontinue under stimulus conditions when they are not dominant. In this study, the two DPOAE components are separated by a post-processing method. Previously, maps of raw DPOAE data against f(2)/f(1) and DP frequency have been obtained. To separate the components, sets of data consisting of f(2)/f(1) sweeps were transformed by an inverse Fourier transform into the time domain. The low and high latency components appeared as two distinct peaks because of their different phase gradients. These peaks were separated by windowing in the time domain and two frequency domain maps were reconstructed, representing the low and high latency DPOAEs. It was found that the low latency component of the 2f(1) - f(2) DP was only emitted strongly with f(2)/f(1) between approximately 1.1 and 1.3. The removal of the high latency component revealed the low ratio edge of this region, at which the level falls sharply. However, the low latency emission has been traced at reduced amplitude over a wide range of stimulus parameters. Although previously only observed at small frequency ratios, the high latency component was found to bepresent widely in the lower sideband, its level reducing slowly at larger f(2)/f(1) Its phase behavior changes in the lower sideband, being approximately; constant with DP frequency at small ratios of f(2)/f(1), but deviating from this at wider ratios. These results support the hypothesis that a DPOAE component which propagates to and is re-emitted from the DP frequency place (place fixed emission) is present across a wide parameter range. However, for all but the close primary condition the lower sideband DPOAE is dominated by direct emission from the region of f(2) and f(1) wave interaction(wave fixed emission). A simple transmission line model is presented to illustrate how the observed DPOAE maps can arise on the basis of this hypothesis. (C) 2001 Acoustical Society of America.

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Documento generato il 04/12/20 alle ore 19:27:54