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Titolo:
Heavy drinking is associated with more severe psychosocial dysfunction among girls than boys in Finland
Autore:
Laukkanen, ER; Shemeikka, SL; Viinamaki, HT; Polkki, PL; Lehtonen, JO;
Indirizzi:
Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Psychiat, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland Kuopio Univ Hosp Kuopio Finland FI-70211 chiat, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland Univ Kuopio, Dept Publ Hlth & Gen Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland UnivKuopio Kuopio Finland FIN-70211 Practice, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland Univ Kuopio, Dept Social Sci, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland Univ Kuopio Kuopio Finland FIN-70211 cial Sci, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland
Titolo Testata:
JOURNAL OF ADOLESCENT HEALTH
fascicolo: 4, volume: 28, anno: 2001,
pagine: 270 - 277
SICI:
1054-139X(200104)28:4<270:HDIAWM>2.0.ZU;2-H
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
SELF-IMAGE QUESTIONNAIRE; SUBSTANCE USE; ALCOHOL-USE; ADOLESCENT ALCOHOL; DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS; FINNISH ADOLESCENTS; GENDER DIFFERENCES; MENTAL-DISORDERS; BINGE DRINKING; YOUNG-ADULTS;
Keywords:
adolescence; alcohol consumption; psychosocial functioning; self-image; behavioral problems; gender differences; Finland;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
47
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Laukkanen, ER Kuopio Univ Hosp, Dept Psychiat, POB 1777, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland Kuopio Univ Hosp POB 1777 Kuopio Finland FI-70211 , Finland
Citazione:
E.R. Laukkanen et al., "Heavy drinking is associated with more severe psychosocial dysfunction among girls than boys in Finland", J ADOLES H, 28(4), 2001, pp. 270-277

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate social, psychological, and environmental factors related to heavy drinking by 15-year-old Finnish school pupils. Methods: Each of 240 pupils completed a questionnaire about alcohol use, smoking, and illicit drug use; an Offer Self-Image Questionnaire; an Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment; and a Psychosomatic Symptoms Questionnaire. Teachers assessed each pupil. according to a Social. Skills Rating Scale. Academic achievement was assessed on the basis of report grades. Results: Heavy drinking was associated with smoking, trial of drugs, poor social skills in class, and poor school achievement in both boys and girls. In girls, heavy drinking was associated with psychosomatic symptoms and a negative social self-image. Girls who drank heavily also had more difficulty with concentration and externalizing problems and more problems with teachers than those who were abstinent or consumed alcohol moderately. The self-images of boys who drank heavily were more negative than those of alcohol-abstinent boys. In boys, heavy drinking was associated with higher numbers of peer relationships. Conclusions: Heavy drinking is associated with more severe psychosocial dysfunction among girls than boys. It may be possible to identify girls at school who drink heavily and guide them toward treatment. (C) Society for Adolescent Medicine, 2001.

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Documento generato il 06/04/20 alle ore 21:47:57