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Titolo:
Psychopathy and developmental instability
Autore:
Lalumiere, ML; Harris, GT; Rice, ME;
Indirizzi:
Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Law & Mental Hlth Program, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth Toronto ON Canada M6J 1H4 to, ON M6J 1H4, Canada Ment Hlth Ctr Penetanguishene, Penetanguishene, ON L9M 1G3, Canada Ment Hlth Ctr Penetanguishene Penetanguishene ON Canada L9M 1G3 3, Canada Univ Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Univ Toronto Toronto ON CanadaUniv Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
Titolo Testata:
EVOLUTION AND HUMAN BEHAVIOR
fascicolo: 2, volume: 22, anno: 2001,
pagine: 75 - 92
SICI:
1090-5138(200103)22:2<75:PADI>2.0.ZU;2-B
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
MENTALLY DISORDERED OFFENDERS; FLUCTUATING ASYMMETRY; CRIMINAL PSYCHOPATHS; VIOLENT RECIDIVISM; FLEDGLING PSYCHOPATH; NONPSYCHOPATHIC OFFENDERS; OBSTETRIC COMPLICATIONS; EARLY IDENTIFICATION; CHILD MOLESTERS; RURAL BELIZE;
Keywords:
psychopathy; developmental instability; fluctuating asymmetry; obstetrical problems; adaptation;
Tipo documento:
Review
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Agriculture,Biology & Environmental Sciences
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Citazioni:
105
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Lalumiere, ML Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth, Law & Mental Hlth Program, Unit 3,4th Floor,1001Queen St W, Toronto, ON M6J 1H4, Canada Ctr Addict & Mental Hlth Unit 3,4th Floor,1001 Queen St W Toronto ON Canada M6J 1H4
Citazione:
M.L. Lalumiere et al., "Psychopathy and developmental instability", EVOL HUM BE, 22(2), 2001, pp. 75-92

Abstract

Psychopaths are manipulative, impulsive, and callous individuals with longhistories of antisocial behavior. Two models have guided the study of psychopathy. One suggests that psychopathy is a psychopathology, i.e., the outcome of defective or perturbed development. A second suggests that psychopathy is a life-history strategy of social defection and aggression that was reproductively viable in the environment of evolutionary adaptedness (EEA). These two models make different predictions with regard to the presence of signs of perturbations or instability in the development of psychopaths. TnStudy 1, we obtained data on prenatal, perinatal, and neonatal signs of developmental perturbations from the clinical files of 643 nonpsychopathic and 157 psychopathic male offenders. In Study 2, we measured fluctuating asymmetry (FA, a concurrent sign of past developmental perturbations) in 15 psychopathic male offenders, 25 nonpsychopathic male offenders, and 31 male nonoffenders. Psychopathic offenders scored lower than nonpsychopathic offenders on obstetrical problems and FA; both psychopathic and nonpsychopathic offenders scored higher than nonoffenders on FA. The five offenders from Study 2 meeting the most stringent criteria for psychopathy were similar to nonoffenders with regard to FA and had the lowest asymmetry scores among offenders. These results provide no support for psychopathological models of psychopathy and partial support for life-history strategy models. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:48:05