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Titolo:
Risk of hand-arm vibration syndrome according to occupation and sources ofexposure to hand-transmitted vibration: A national survey
Autore:
Palmer, KT; Griffin, MJ; Syddall, H; Pannett, B; Cooper, C; Coggon, D;
Indirizzi:
Univ Southampton, MRC, Environm Epidemiol Unit, Southampton SO16 6YD, Hants, England Univ Southampton Southampton Hants England SO16 6YD 6 6YD, Hants, England Univ Southampton, Inst Sound & Vibrat Res, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England Univ Southampton Southampton Hants England SO17 1BJ 7 1BJ, Hants, England
Titolo Testata:
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MEDICINE
fascicolo: 4, volume: 39, anno: 2001,
pagine: 389 - 396
SICI:
0271-3586(200104)39:4<389:ROHVSA>2.0.ZU;2-X
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
WHOLE-BODY VIBRATION; RAYNAUDS-PHENOMENON; GREAT-BRITAIN; GENERAL-PRACTICE; POSTAL SURVEY; PREVALENCE; SYMPTOMS; WORKERS; PATTERN; IMPACT;
Keywords:
vibration-induced white finger; sensorineural; population; occupational; vibratory tools;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Clinical Medicine
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Palmer, KT Southampton Gen Hosp, MRC, Environm Epidemiol Unit, SouthamptonSO16 6YD, Hants, England Southampton Gen Hosp Southampton Hants England SO16 6YD ngland
Citazione:
K.T. Palmer et al., "Risk of hand-arm vibration syndrome according to occupation and sources ofexposure to hand-transmitted vibration: A national survey", AM J IND M, 39(4), 2001, pp. 389-396

Abstract

Background Although some occupational sources of hand-transmitted vibration (HTV) have been extensively investigated, the risks associated with others are poorly characterized. Methods A questionnaire was mailed to a community sample of 12,240 men aged 16-64 years and 906 men from the armed forces. Questions covered current occupation, sources of HTV numbness or tingling in the fingers in the past week, and finger blanching, In the 5,364 respondents who had been at work in the past week, associations between symptoms and exposures were examined by logistic regression, with odds ratios converted into prevalence ratios (PRs). Results Altogether; 513 men (10%) reported cold-induced finger blanching and 769 (14%) sensory symptoms in the fingers. The risk of blanching was increased in builders (PR 2.4, 95% CI 1.0-5,2), carpenters and joiners (PR 1.9, 95% CI 1.0-3.4), motor mechanics (PR 2.3, 95% CI 1.1-4.6), and laborers (PR 2.8, 95% CI 1.3-6.0); while the risk of sensory symptoms was elevated inlaborers (PR 4.0, 95% CI 2.3-6.63) and plant operatives (PR 3.5, 95% CI 1.9-5.9). Use of hand-guided mowers, concrete breakers, chain saws, and jig saws was significantly associated with symptoms. Conclusions Little attention has been paid to the risks of vibration injury in construction workers, woodworkers, motor mechanics, and laborers, or to the risks from mowers, jig saws and several other common vibratory tools. These should be a focus for further investigation and preventive measures. (C) 2001 Wiley-Liss. Inc.

ASDD Area Sistemi Dipartimentali e Documentali, Università di Bologna, Catalogo delle riviste ed altri periodici
Documento generato il 21/09/20 alle ore 18:54:42