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Titolo:
An analysis of the specificity and the syndromal correlates of verbal memory impairments in schizophrenia
Autore:
Moritz, S; Heeren, D; Andresen, B; Krausz, M;
Indirizzi:
Univ Hamburg, Hosp Eppendorf, Klin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany Univ Hamburg Hamburg Germany D-20246 otherapie, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany
Titolo Testata:
PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
fascicolo: 1, volume: 101, anno: 2001,
pagine: 23 - 31
SICI:
0165-1781(20010214)101:1<23:AAOTSA>2.0.ZU;2-A
Fonte:
ISI
Lingua:
ENG
Soggetto:
COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION; NEGATIVE SYMPTOMS; DEPRESSION; METAANALYSIS; PERFORMANCE; DISORDERS; DEFICITS;
Keywords:
schizophrenia; depression; memory; learning; attention;
Tipo documento:
Article
Natura:
Periodico
Settore Disciplinare:
Social & Behavioral Sciences
Life Sciences
Citazioni:
40
Recensione:
Indirizzi per estratti:
Indirizzo: Moritz, S Univ Hamburg, Hosp Eppendorf, Klin Psychiat & Psychotherapie, Martinistr 52, D-20246 Hamburg, Germany Univ Hamburg Martinistr 52 Hamburg Germany D-20246 urg, Germany
Citazione:
S. Moritz et al., "An analysis of the specificity and the syndromal correlates of verbal memory impairments in schizophrenia", PSYCHIAT R, 101(1), 2001, pp. 23-31

Abstract

It was investigated whether schizophrenic and depressive patients show a distinguishable mnestic profile. A further aim was to explore the psychopathological correlates of memory malperformance in schizophrenic patients. Forthe present study, schizophrenic, depressive and healthy samples (n = 25 each) were compared regarding their performance in the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test. Subjects' sociodemographic background variables were comparable except for age (entered as a covariate). Depressive and schizophrenic patients performed significantly worse than healthy controls regarding both short-term and long-term free recall as well as recognition. No differences occurred for two parameters reflecting proneness to interference. Negative schizophrenic symptomatology was strongly correlated with memory dysfunction before and after controlling for distractibility. The study supports previous research suggesting that memory impairments in schizophrenia are not an epiphenomenon of deficits in verbal fluency or an attentional impairment. The major deficit in both schizophrenic and depressive patients is inferred to be the capability to learn. (C) 2001 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. Allrights reserved.

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Documento generato il 23/01/20 alle ore 03:20:07